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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
possible selves
the various identities an adolescent might imagine for him- or herself.
future orientation
the extent to which an individual is able and inclined to think about the potential consequences of decisions and choices.
self-conceptions
the collection of traits and attributes that individuals use to describe or characterize themselves.
self-esteem
the degree to which individuals feel positively or negatively about themselves.
sense of identity
the extent to which individuals feel secure about who they are and who they are becoming.
false-self behavior
behavior that intentionally presents a false impression to others.
five-factor model
the theory that there are five basic dimensions to personality: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience.
self-consciousness
the degree to which an individual is preoccupied with his or her self-image.
self-image stability
the degree to which an individual feels that his or her self-image changes from day to day.
barometric self-esteem
the aspect of self-esteem that fluctuates across situations.
baseline self-esteem
the aspect of self-esteem that is relatively stable across situations and over time.
identity versus identity diffusion
according to Erikson, the normative crisis characteristic of the fifth stage of psychosocial development, predominant during adolescence.
psychosocial moratorium
a period during which individuals are free from excessive obligations and responsibilities, and can therefore experiment with different roles and personalities.
identity diffusion
the incoherent, disjointed, incomplete sense of self characteristic of not having resolved the crisis of identity
identity foreclosure
the premature establishment of a sense of identity, before sufficient role experimentation has occurred.
negative identity
the selection of an identity that is obviously undesirable in the eyes of significant others and the broader community.
agency
the sense that one has an impact on one's world.
ethnic identity
the aspect of individuals' sense of identity concerning ancestry or racial group membership
racial socialization
the process through which individuals develop an understanding of their racial or ethnic background.
biracial
having two parents of different ethnic or racial backgrounds.
biculturalism
the successful maintenance of an identification with more than one cultural background.
multidimensional model of racial identity (MMRI)
Sellers's perspective on ethnic identity, which emphasizes three different phenomena: racial centrality (how important race is in defining individuals' identity), private regard (how individuals feel about being a member of their race), public regard (how individuals think others feel about their race).
androgyny
the combination of both highly masculine and highly feminine traits.
gender intensification hypothesis
the idea that pressures to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensify during adolescence.