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49 Cards in this Set

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adnexa uteri
Fallopian tubes, ovaries & supporting ligaments
adnexa means?
accessory structures
None
amnion
innermost membrane around the developing embryo
areola
dark pigmented area around the breast nipple
Bartholin glands
two small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
cervix
lower, neck like portion of the uterus
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary tract
coitus
sexual intercourse
corpus luteum
empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen & progesterone after egg is released; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus)
cul-de-sac
region within the pelvis, midway between rectum & uterus
embryo
stage in prenatal development from implantation of the fertilized ovum until the second month of pregnancy.
endometrium
inner mucous membrane lining the uterus
myometrium
muscle layer lining the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by ovaries; responsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization
union of a sperm & egg
fetus
embryo from 8th week after fertilization until birth
fimbriae (plural)
finger like projections at the end of the fallopian tube
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum
gamete
male or female sex cells ie. sperm or ovum
gestation
period from fertilization of the ovum to birth; ie.pregnancy
gonad
organ in male (testis) & female (ovary) that produces gametes
graafian follicle
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only 400 of these mature in a woman's lifetime.
None
gynecology
study of the female reproductive organs incl. the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen & progesterone
hymen
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice
labia
lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips. Labia minora are the smaller innermost lips.
lactiferous ducts
tubes carrying milk in the breast
luteinizing hormone (LH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland that promotes ovulation.
mammary papilla
nipple. A papilla is any small nipple shaped projection
menarche
beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
menopause
gradual ending of menstruation
menstruation
monthly shedding of the uterine lining. mens = month
None
neonatology
branch of medicine involved with the care of the newborn (neonate)
obstetrics
branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy & childbirth
orifice
an opening
ovaries
almond shaped female organs (gonads) that produce egg cells (ova) & hormones
ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum (plural: ova)
egg cell; female gamete
parturition
act of giving birth
perineum
area between anus and vagina
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain which produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
placenta
organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall. It is a communication between maternal & fetal bloodstreams
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary & placenta of a pregnant woman
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus
hollow, pear shaped organ where the embryo develops & from which menstruation occurs.
vagina
tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva
external genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, & clitoris