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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Governor’s Office
The office of the Governor is the administrative organization through which the governor of Texas makes appointments, prepares a biennial budget recommendation, administers federal and state grants for crime prevention and law enforcement, and confers full and conditional pardons on recommendations of the board of pardons and paroles
Appointive power
the authority to name a person to a government office. Most gubernatorial appointments require senate approval by 2/3 of the members present
Recess appointment
An appointment made by the governor when the Texas Legislature is not in session
Removal power
Authority to remove an official from office. In Texas, the governor’s removal power is limited to staff members, some agency heads, and their own appointees with the consent of the Senate
Martial law
Temporary rule by military authorities when civil authorities are unable to handle a riot or other civil disorder
Budgetary power
The governor is supposed to submit a state budget to the legislature at the beginning of each regular session. When an appropriation bill is enacted by the leglistature and certified by the comptroller of public of accounts the governor may veto the whole document or individual items
line-item veto
Action by the governor to delete a line item while permitting enactment of other parts of an appropriation bill
Executive order
The governor issues executive orders to set policy within the executive branch and to create task forces, councils, and other bodies
A governor’s official announcement (e.g. calling a special election or declaring a disaster area
Legislative power
The governor’s legislative power is exercised through messages delivered to the Texas Legislature, vetoes of bills and concurrent resolutions and calls for special sessions of the legislature
Message power
The governor’s State of the State Address at the “commencement” of a legislative session and messages delivered in person or in writing are examples of gubernatorial exercise if message power to communicate with legislators and the public
Veto power
Authority of the governor to reject a bill or concurrent resolution passed by the legislature
Post adjournment veto
Rejection by the governor of a pending bill or concurrent resolution during the 20 days following a legislative session
Released from prison before completion of a sentence; good behavior of the parolee is a condition of release
Full pardon
On recommendation of the Board of pardons and paroles, the governor may grant a full pardon. This act of executive clemency releases a convicted person for all consequences of a criminal act and restores rights enjoyed by others who have not been convicted of a crime
Conditional pardon
On recommendation of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, the governor may grant a conditional pardon. This act of clemency releases a convicted person for the consequences of his or her crimes but does not restore all rights, as in the case of a full pardon
Commutation of sentence
On the recommendation of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, the governor may commute(reduce) a sentence
An act of executive clemency that temporarily suspends excution of a sentence
Plural executive
The governor & elected department heads as provided by the Texas Constitution and statutes
Lieutenant governor
Popularly elected, serves as president of the Senate, and is first in the line of succession if the office of governor becomes vacant before the end of a term
Attorney general
The constitutional official elected to head Office of the Attorney General, which represents the state government in lawsuits and provides legal advice to state and local officials.
Comptroller of public accounts
This elected constitutional officer is responsible for collecting taxes, keeping accounts, estimating revenue, and serving as treasure for the state
Commissioner of the GeneralLand Office
As head of Texas’s General Land Office, this elected constitutional officer oversees the state’s extensive land holdings & relative mineral interest, especially oil and gas leasing for the benefit of the Permanent School Fund
Commissioner of agriculture
The elected official who heads Texas’s Department of Agriculture, which promotes the sale of agriculture commodities & regulates pesticides, aquaculture, egg quality, weights and measurements, and grain wearhouse
Secretary of state
The state’s chief elections officer, appointed by the governor for a term concurrent with that of the governor