Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In Medieval Europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord
vassal
An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
fief
noble in Europe who served as a mounted warrior for a lord
knight
code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
chivalry
wandering poet in Europe during the Middle Ages
troubadour
a lord's estate, which includes one or more villages and the surrounding lands (fields, farms, lord's home, peasant's homes, church, ponds, etc.)
manor
a peasant bound to the lord's land
serf
having to do with worldly, rather than religious matters; not overtly or specifically religious
secular
sacred ritual of the Catholic church
sacrament
body of laws of a church
Canon Law
exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church laws
excommunication
religious belief that is contrary to the official teachings of the Roman Catholic Church
heresy
in the Roman Catholic Church, excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom
interdict
payment to the church equal to one tenth of a person's income
tithe
prejudice against Jews
anti-semitism
in the Middle Ages, a written document that set out the rights and priviliges of a town
charter
the practice of lending money at interest
ursury
in the Middle Ages, an association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
guild
young person learning a trade from a master
apprentice
King of the Franks who preserved much of the roman legacy in Gaul. Converted to Christianity and earned the support of the Roman Catholic Church.
Clovis
believers in Islamic faith who emerged from Arabia and threatened the Christians around the Mediterraean
Muslims
Battle won by Charles Martel that stopped the Muslims from invading Western Europe
Battle of Tours 732
Frankish war chief, who became founder of the Western European empire that included France, Germany & parts of Italy. Crowned by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day 800.
Charlemagne
officials who kept control Charlemagne's provincial rulers.
missi dominici
treaty, drawn up by Charlemagne's grandsons, that split the Western empire into three regions
Treaty of Verdun 843
fierce seafaring warriors from Scandinavia who raided and traded along the coasts and rivers of Europe from Ireland to Russia
Vikings
Viking who set up a short-lived colony in NOrth America
Lief Erikson
A loosely organized system of government during the Middle Ages in which local lords controlled lands in return for military and other service
feudalism
an economic system structured around a lord's manor or estate
manorialism
religious community where men or women focus on spiritual goals
monastery