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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cytoplasm
All the ,material within the cell membrane other than the nucleus.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Tasteless, Colorless, odorless gas produced by body cells during the metabolc process.
Granuloma
Any time of nodular, inflmmatory lesion; usually small;may be granular, firm, and persistent and may contain compactly grouped mononuclear phagocytes.
mucosa
moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the enviorment; also called mucous membrane.
mucus
Viscous, slippery secretion of mocous membranes that acts as a lubricant and coats and protects many epithelial surfaces, especially the respiratory and genital tracts.
naris
Nostril; opening to the nasal cavity
oxygen (O2)
tasteless. odorless, colorless gas essential for human respiration.
pH
symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance
respiratory faliure
inablilty of the cardiac and pulmonary systems to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs
septum
wall dividing two cavities; for example, the nasal septum that seperates the nostrils.
sputum
secretions produced in the lungs and bronchi that are expelled by coughing and may contain pathlogical elements as cellular debris, mucous, blood, pus, caesous material, and microrganism.
status asthmaticus
severe, prolonged asthma attack that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodilaters and may lead to respiratory faliure and death
surfactant
Lipoprotein that decreses the surface tension of alveoli and contributes to their elastocoty, thereby reducing the work of breathing
nas/o

rhin/o
nose
sept/o
septum
sinus/o
sinus cavity
adenoid/o
adenoids
tonsil/o
tonsils
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
trache/o
trachea (wind pipe)
bronchi/o
bronchus
bronch/o
bronchos
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
alveol/o
alveolus
pneum/o

pneumon/o
air; lung
pulmon/o
lung
pleur/o
pleura
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
atel/o
incomplete, imperfect
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
lob/o
lobe
orth/o
straight
ox/o

ox/i
oxygen
pector/o

steth/o

thorac/o
chest
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
spir/o
breathe
-capinia
carbon dioxcide
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-throrax
chest
brady-
slow
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
eu-
good, normal
tachy-
rapid
acidosis
excessive acidity of body fluids, commonly associated with pulmonary insufficiency and the subsequent retention of carbpn dioxide
ansomia
absence of or decrease in the sense of smell
apnea
temporary loss of breathing
aspyxia
condition caused by insufficient intake og oxygen
atelectasis
collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
repeated breathing pattern chracterized by fluctuation in the depth of respireation. first deeply, then shallow, then not at all
compliance
ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
coryza
head cold; upper respiratory infection
croup
common childhood condtion involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages, and, sometimes, lungs chracterized by resonant, barking cough; suffocative and difficult breathing; laryngeal spasm; and, sometimes, the formation or a membrane.
deviated nasal septum
displacement of cartilage dividing the nostils.
epiglottitis
severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic stuctures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age
epistaxis
nosebleed; nasal hemorrahge
finger clubbing
enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the tissues;also called anoxemia
hypoxia
absenceor or dioficiency of oxygen in the tissues; also called annoxia
pertussis
acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whopping cough
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleural membrane chracterized by a stabbing pain that is intesfied by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis
pneumoconiosis
generally occupational disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), Stone dust (chalicosis), Iron (siderosis),and asbetos (asbestosis).
pulmonary embolus
mass of undissooved matter in the pulmonary arteries or its branches.
rale
abnormal respiratory sound heard on susculation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters mositure-filled alveoli; also called crackle.
rhonchus
adventitious breath sound that resembles snoring, commonly called suggesting secrestions in the larger airways.
stridor
high-pitch, harsh adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obsrtuction in the upper airway
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal and health infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death.
wheeze
whistling or sighing aound on the auscultation that results from the narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway.