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47 Cards in this Set

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nas/o
Nose
Primary Function:
Excahnge air during inhaling and exhaling; warms, moisturizes and filters inhaled air.
Sinus/o
Sinuses

Primary Function:
Provide mucus, makes bones of the skull lighter, aid in sound production
Epiglott/o
Epiglottis

Primary Function
Closes off the trachea during swallowing
Pharyng/o
Pharynx

Primary Function:
Transport air to and from the nose to the trechea
Laryng/o
Larynx

Primary Function
Makes speech possible
Trache/o
Trachea

Primary Function
Transports air to and from the Pharynx to the bronchi
Bronch/o, bronchi/o
Bronchi

Primary Function
Transports air from the trachea to the lungs
Alveol/o
Alveoli

Primary Function
Air sacs that excange gasses with the pulmonary capillary blood
Pneum/o, pneumon/o
Lungs

Primary Function
Brings oxeygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide and some water waste from the body
Phrenic Nerve
stimulates the diaphragm and causes it to contract.
Phren/o
diaphragm or mind
ic
pertaining to
Bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured
Laryngoplegia
paralysis of the the larynx
Aphonia
loss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds
Dysphonia
voice impairment including hoarsness, weakness, and loss of voice
Pneumothorax
accumulation of of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse
Pleural effusion
is an abnormal escape of fluid into the pleural cavity that prevents the lung from fully expanding
Empyema (pyothroax)
an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
Thorax
Chest
Hemoptysis
spitting blod or blood stained sputum derrived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as a result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
Ptysis
spitting
Atelectasis
Collapsed Lung - the lung fails to expand beyond bronchioles that are blocked by secretions
Atel
incomplete
Ectasis
stretching
Pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid
Exudate
fluid in the lungs associated with pneumonia and is an accumulated fluid in a cavity that has penetrated through vessel walls into adjoining tissue
Anthracosis
black lung disease - caused by coal dust in the lung
osis
condition
Byssinosis
brown lung disease - caused by hemp, cotton, flax dust in the lung
Eupnea
easy or normal breathing
eu
good
pnea
breathing
Tachypnea
an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually more than 20 breaths per minute
Bradypnea
abnormally slow rate of respiration, usually less than 10 breaths per minute
Dyspnea
shortness of breath - difficult or labored breathing
Hypopnea
shallow or slow respiration
Anoxia
absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues
an
without
ox
oxeygen
ia
abnormal condition
hypoxia
condition of having subnormal oxygen levels in the cells that is less severe than anoxia
Spirometry
is a testing method that uses a spirometer to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the lenght of each breath
Pharyngostomy
surgical creation of an artificial opening into the phrynx. The resulting opening is a PHARYNGOSTOMA.
STOMA
artificial mouth or opening
phon/o
sound/voice
pleur/o
pleura/side of body