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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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ataxia
Lack of muscular coordination
a=lack of
-taxia=order
atonic
Pertaining to a lack of normal tone or tension
a=lack of
-ton-tone, tension
atrophy
Lack of nourishment; wasting of muscular tissue that can be caused by lack of use
brachialgia
Pain in the arm
brach=arm
bradykinesia
Slowness of motion or movement
brady=slow
contraction
Process of drawing up and thickening of a muscle fiber
dactylospasm
Cramp of a finger or toe
dystonia
Condition of impaired muscle tone
dys=difficult
dystrophy
Faulty muscular development caused by lack of nourishment
dys=difficult
-trophy=nourishment, development.
fascitis
Inflammation of a fascia
fibromyitis
Inflammation of muscle and fibrous tissue
insertion
Point of attachment of a muscle to the part that it moves
myalgia
Pain in the muscle
myoblast
Embryonic cell that develops into a muscle fiber cell.
myofibroma
Tumor that contains muscle and fiber
myograph
Instrument used to record muscular contractions
myokinesis
Muscular motion or activity
myoma
Tumor containing muscle tissue
myomalacia
Softening of muscle tissue
myoparesis
Weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle
myopathy
Muscle disease
myoplasty
Surgical repair of a muscle
myorrhaphy
Suture of a muscle wound
myosarcoma
Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
my/o=muscle
sarc=flesh
-oma=tumor
myosclerosis
Condition of hardening of muscle
my=muscle.
scler=hardening.
-osis=condition, usu abnormal
myositis
Inflammation of muscle tissue, especially skeletal muscles; can be caused by infection, trauma, or parasitic infestation
myospasm
Spasmodic contraction of a muscle
myotomy
Incision into a muscle
neuromyopathic
Pertaining to a disease condition involving both nerves and muscles
polyplegia
Paralysis affecting many muscles
=stroke, paralysis.
rhabdomyoma
Tumor of striated muscle tissue
rhabd/o=rod
spasticity
Condition of increased muscular tone causing stiff and awkward movements
spastic=convulsive.
-ity=condition.
tenodesis
Surgical binding of a tendon
tenodynia
Pain in a tendon
torticollis
Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck; also called wryneck
Amputation
Removal of limb, part, or other appendage
amputat=cut through
-ion=process.
Dermatomyo-sitis
Inflammation of muscles and skin; connective tissue disease characterized by edema, dermatitis, and inflammation.
Fatigue
State of tiredness occurring in muscle due to repeated contractions.
Flaccid
Lacking muscle tone, weak soft, and flabby.
Rheumatism
General term describes conditions characterizing inflammation, soreness and stiffness of muscles and pain in joints.
Rigor mortis
Stiffness of skeletal muscles seen in death.
Strain
Excessive, forcible stretching of a muscle or the musculotendinous unit.
Synovitis
Inflammation of a synovial membrane
Tenodesis
Surgical binding of tendon
=desis-binding.
Torsion
Process of being twisted.
tors-twisted.
-ion-process