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18 Cards in this Set

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Genetic Code
Program of the cell
Transformation
process by which genetic material absorbed from the envirorment is add to or replaces part of a bacterium's DNA
DNA
Nucleic Acid that stores and transmits genetic information from one generation to the next by coding for the production of a cell's proteins
nucleotide
unit of a nucleic acid that is made of a 5-carbon sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
adenine
nitrogenous base; base pairs with thymine or uracil
thymine
nitrogenous base; base pairs with adenine
guanine
nitrogenous base; base pairs with cytosine
cytosine
nitrogenous base; base pairs with guanine
base pairing
attraction between complementary bases that produces a force holding them together
replication
process by which DNA is duplicated before a cell divides
RNA
Nucliec acid that acts as a messenger between DNA and the ribosomes and carries out the process by which protiens are made from amino acids
uracil
nitrogenous base; found only in RNA, base pairs with adenine
transcription
process by which a molecule of DNA is copied into a complementary strand of RNA
mRNA
type of RNA that carries genetic from the DNA in the nucleus out to the ribosomes
codon
3-nucleotide sequences on mRNA for an amino acid
translation
process in which a message carried by mRNA is decoded intro a polypeptide chain
tRNA
type of RNA that makes up the major part of the ribosomes
anticodon
3 nucleotide sequence in tRNA that base pairs with a complementary sequence in the mRNA during protein synthesis