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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
osteocytes
Mature bone cells
osteoclasts
cells that break down osteocytes and reabsorb the remaining material
osteoblasts
cells that create new bone cells
ossification or osteogenesis
the process of bone formation
remodeling
the breakdown and renewal of bone
axial skeleton
the bones that are related to the head and trunk
What makes up the axial skeleton?
the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, hyoid
appendicular skeleton
consists of the pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle, and the arms and legs
pectoral girdle
connects the arms to the thoracic cage
pelvic girdle
connects the legs to the axial skeleton
What bones make up the cranial bones?
frontal bone, parietal bones, temporal bones, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, and the ethmoid bone
What bones make up the facial bones?
nasal bones, zygomatic bones, vomer, maxilla, mandible, nasal conchae, larcrimal bones
vertebrae
the 33 bones of the vertebral column
cervical vertebrae
first seven bones
thoracic vertebrae
12 bones below the cervical vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae
5 bones in the lower back
sacrum
5 fused bones
coccyx
tailbone (4 fused bones)
intervertebral discs
found between the vertebraes and are little round shock absorbers
annulus fibrosus
the tough outer layer of the intervertebral discs
nucleus pulposus
the soft, gel-like inner portion of the intervertebral discs
slipped disc
herniated disc
What does the thoracic cage consist of?
sternum, 12 pairs of ribs, costal cartilage, and thoracic vertebrae
What does the pectoral girdle consist of?
clavicles and scapulae
coxal bones
hip bones
ilium, ischium, pubis
3 fused bones in the hip bone
acetabulum
hip socket
symphysis pubis
where the hip bones connect in the front
sacroiliac
where the hip bones connect in the back
humerus
upper arm
ulna and radius
two lower arm bones
olecranon process
the elbow
carpal
8 bones in the wrist
metacarpals
hand bones
phalanges
fingers
interphangeal joints
where the finger bones connect
femur
thigh bone
patella
knee
tibia
shin
fibula
lateral bone of the lower leg
tarsals
ankle bones
metatarsals
bones of the foot
phalanges
toes
kyph/o
humpback
lord/o
swayback
scoli/o
curved
tempor/o
temporal bone
mandibul/o
mandible; lower jaw
maxill/o
maxilla; upper jaw
stern/o
sternum; breastbone
xiph/o
sword
coccyg/o
coccyx; tailbone
lumb/o
lower back; loins
sacr/o
sacrum
clavicul/o
clavicle; collarbone
scapul/o
scapula
brachi/o
arm
carp/o
wrist
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
phalang/o
phalanx; one of the bones making up the fingers or the toes
radi/o
radius
uln/o
ulnar
acetabul/o
acetabulum; hip socket
calcane/o
heel
femor/o
femur; thigh bone
fibul/o
fibula
patell/a; patell/o
patella; kneecap
tibi/o
tibia; shin
burs/o
bursa (sac filled with synovial fluid located around the joints)
-blast
immature
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-clasis
surgical fracture or refracture
-clast
breakdown
-desis
surgical fusion
-osis
abnormal condition
-sarcoma
malignant tumor of connective tissue
ortho-
straight