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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When illness does occur different attitudes about illness cause people to react in different ways. Medical sociologists call the reaction to illness:
1. Illness behavior.
2. Health belief.
3. Health promotion
4. Illness prevention
The WHO, World Health Organization, defines health as:
1. The absence of disease.
2. A personal concept of health.
3. Raching full potential.
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
The health belief model addresses the relationship between a person's belief and behaviors, thus:
1. A person who smokes does not practice the model.
2. A person who does not take necessary medications does not practice the model.
3. It provides a way of understandin tand predicting how clients wil behave in relation to their health and how they will comply with health care therapies.
4. This model provides a basis for caring for clients of all ages.
Nurses using the holistic nursing model:
1. Utilize only complementary interventions.
2. Recognize the natural healing abilities of the body and incorporate complementary and alternative interventions.
3. Consider only the mind and the body in provoding care.
4. Consider only the spiritual aspece in providing care.
Internal and external variables can influence how a person thinks and acts. Internal variables include:
1. termperature, blood pressure and respirations.
2. Anxiety, fever, respirations, blood pressure and temperature.
3. Developmental stage, intellectual background, perception of functioning and emotional and spiritual factors.
4.Bladder, heart, liver and gallbladder functioning.
A person's belief about health are shaped in part by the person's:
1. Confidence in healthcare provider.
2. Knowledge of disease progression.
3. Knowledge, lack of knowledge or incorrect information about illness.
4. Confidence in the healthcare system.
Health promotion activities can include:
1. Exercise and good nutrition.
2Smoking and drinking excessive alcohol.
3. Unsafe sex.
4. Exposure to air pollutants.
Primary prevention aimed at health promotion includes:
1. Rehabilitation and prevention of complications.
2. Screening techniques and treating of early stages of disease.
3. Health education programs, immunization, and physical and nutritional fitness activities.
4. Care for a diabetic client using insulin.
This level of prevention wold be directed at minimizing complications of disease:
1. Primary prevention.
2. Secondary prevention.
3. Tertiary prevention.
4. Illness prevention.
Acute illness and chronic illness are two general classifications of illness. Acute illness refers to an illness that:
1. Is longer than 6 months, and can also affect functioning in any dimension.
2. Has a short duration and is severe.
3. Causes an irreversible condition.
4. Is synonomous with disease.
________ is the latest docuyment and is designed to serve as a road map for improving the health of all people in the United States for the first decade of the 21st century.
Healthy People 2010
____________ can have positive or negative effects on health long before an illness is evident.
Life conditions
A model is a _________.
theoretical way of understanding a concept or idea.
Some common positive health behaviors include _______
immunizations, proper sleep habits, adequate exercise and nutrition.
A helaht belief mode addresses relationships between a person's beliefs and ____.
Health belief model has 3 parts.
1. Perception to illness.
2. Perception of seriousness of illness.
3. Likelihood that person will take preventive action.
In the _______, nurses using the nursing process consider clients the ultimate experts regarding their own health and respect clients' subjective experience as relevant in maintaining health or assisting in healing.
holistic health model
Examples of Internal Variables influencing health and health beliefs and practices.
1. Developmental stage.
2. Intellectual background.
3. Perception of functioning.
4. Emotional factors
External variables are:
1. Family practices.
2. Socioeconomic factors.
3. cultural background.
2 examples of health promotion activities would be:
1. routine exercis2.
2. good nutrition
What is an example of a primary level of prevention?
1. health education programs.
2. Immunizations
3. Nutritional fitness activities.
What is an example of secondary level of prevention?
1. Screening techniques and treating early stages of disease to limit disability
Tertiary prevention occurs when?
a defect or disability is permanent and irreversible.
A ____ is any situation. habit, social or environmental condition, physiological or psychological condition, developmental or intelectural condition or spiritual or other variable that increases the vulnerability of an individual or group to an illness or accident.
risk factor
_______is a state in which a person's physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental or spiritual functionsing is diminshed or impaired compared with previous experience.
People who are ill generally act in a way that medical sociologists call ____.
Illness behavior.