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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when out attention is directed elsewhere
visual capture
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an orginized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to intergrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes
the orginization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)
the perceptual tendency to orginize stimuli into coherent groups
depth perception
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-demensional; allows us to judge distance
visual cliff
a laboratory device for testing the depth perception in infants and young animals
binocular cues
depth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes
retinal disparity
a binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images from the two eyeballs, the brain computes distance-the greater disparity (difference) between teh two images, the closer the object
a binocular cue for percieving depth; the extent to which the eyes converge inward when looking at an object. The greater the inward strain, the closer the object
monocular cues
depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone
phi phenomeon
an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession
perceptual constancy
perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent light, color, shape, and size) even as illumination and retinal images change
perceptual adaptation
in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field
perceptual set
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
human factors psychology
a branch of psychology that explores how people and machhines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use
extrasensory perception (ESP)
the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory imput. Said to include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition
the study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis