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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-ectasis, ectasia
stretching, dilation, dilatation
-lysis
destruction, breakdown, separation
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-ptosis
prolapse, fall, sag
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhage, -rrhagia
bursting forth
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis
to stop; control
-stenosis
tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia
opening
liver function test (LFTs)
tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum (clear fluid that remains after blood has clotted)
stool culture
test for microorganisms present in stool
stool guaiac or Hemoccult test
detection of blood in feces
lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema)
x-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series
x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after administering barium by mouth
cholangiography
x-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts
computed tomography; also CT, CT scan, or CAT scan
x-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organs allows visualization
abdominal ultrasonography (ultrasound or sonography)
sound waves beamed into the abdomen, produce an image of abdominal viscera
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
magnetic and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
liver scan
image of the liver after injecting radioactive material into the blood stream
gastric bypass
reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)
gastrointestinal endoscopy
visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
liver biopsy
remaval of liver tissue followed by microscopic visualization
nasogastric intubation
insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen