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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Or/o
Stomat/o
Mouth
Gloss/o
Lingu/o
Tongue
Bucc/o
Cheek
Chiel/o
Labi/o
Lip
Dent/o
Odont/o
Teeth
Gingiv/o
Gum(s)
Sial/o
Saliva
Esophag/o
Esophagus
Pharyng/o
Pharynx (Throat)
Gastr/o
Stomach
Duoden/o
Duodenum
Enter/o
Intestines
Jejun/o
Jejunum
Ile/o
Ileum
Append/o
Appendic/o
Appendix
Col/o
Colon/o
Colon
Rect/o
Proct/o
Rectum
Proct/o
An/o
Anus
Hepat/o
Liver
Pancreat/o
Pancreas
Cholangi/o
Bile Vessel
Chol/e
Bile, gall
Cholecyst/o
Gallbladder
Choledoch/o
Bile duct
-emesis
Vomit
-iasis
abnormal condition
-magaly
enlargement
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-prandial
meal
-rrhea
discharge; flow
dia-
through, across
peri-
around
sub-
under, below
Anorexia
Lack or loss of appetite, resulting in inability to ear.
Ascites
Accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen
Bulimia
An eating disorder characterized by binging and purging
Cirrhosis
Chronic irreversible, degenitive disease of the liver
Diverticulitis
Condition of small blister like pockets developed in the inner lining of the large intestent and may balloon through the intestinal wall.
Dysphagia
inability or difficulty in swallowing
Epiglottis
small flap of cartlilage folds back to cover the trancea during swallowing forcing blood to enter the esophagus

aka belching
Eructation
producing gas from the stomac usually with a characterist
Jaundice
a yellowing of the skin
Halitosis
offensive or "bad" breath
Hematemesis
vomiting of blood
Obstipation
intestinal obstruction aka constipation
Peristalsis
progressive wavlike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body especially in the GI tract
Polyphagia
over-eating or excessive hunger
Regurgitation
backward flowing; as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach or the backwards flow of blood through a defective heart valve
Anastomosis
surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
Choleithiasis
presense of formation of gallstones in gall bladder
Colostomy
creation of an opening of some portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its outside surface in order to divert fecel flow to a colonstomy bag
Sigmoidoscopy
examination of lower 3rd colon
FBS
fasting blood sugar
bid
twice a day
npo
nothing by mouth
po
by mouth (per os)
prn
as required
qd
everyday (this term is being phased out by JCAH)
qid
four times a day
The small flap of cartilage that covers the trachea during swallowing
Epiglottis
The stomach
is located in the LUQ (left upper quadrant) of the abdominopelvic cavity
The samll intestine has three parts
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
All digestion is completed in the
Small intestine
The liver is located
in the RUQ (right upper quadrant) of the abdominopelvic cavity.
The liver produces
bile, amongst many other substances used in the body
The gallbladder
is the storage area for bile
Main functions of the Colon
*absorb water and minerals
*eliminate material the body cannot digest