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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
epidermis dermis
Two primary layers of skin
Corium
Corium
What is the function of the stratum germinativum?
Forms new cells
Whais keratin?
Hard protein material
What are the functions of keratin?
Prevents body fluids from evaporating and atmospheric moisture from entering the body
What structures are found in the dermis?
Capillaries, lymphatics and nerve endings, hair follicles sebacous oil and sweat glands
What is papilla?
At the bottom of teh follicle is a loop of capillaries enclosed in a covering
What is another term for a sweat gland?
sudoriferous gland
Oil glands
sebaceous gland
What are the functions of swet and oil glands?
Sweat are small structures that open as pores on the surface of the skin.
Oil glands?
These glands are filled with cells teh centers of which are saturated with fatty droplets as these disintegrate they yield an oily secretion called SEBUM
What are the functions of nails?
Protects teh tips of the fingers and toes from bruises and injuries
Which hormones are responsible for development of breasts in females?
estrogen and progestrogen
areas of pathologicially altered tissue
lesion
elevated lesion containg pus
pustule
small crackle sore or break exposing the dermis usually red
fissure
scraping or rubbing away
abrasion
trama chemical or burns resulting loss of skin tissue
excoriation
inflammation of cellular or connective tissue
cellulitis
hyperpigmentation of the skin characterized by yellowish-brown patches or spots
cholasma
blackhead; discolored dried sebum
comedo
lesion due to umpaired circulation in a portion of the body surface caused by prolonged pressue especially from a bed or chair
decubitus ulcer
skin discoloration consisting of a large irregularly formed hemorrhagic area, BRuise
ecchymosis
imflammatory redness of the skin
erythema
condition characterized escessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places in women
hirsutism
thickened area of the epidermis any horny growth on the skin (WART)
keratosis
unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
pallor
infestation with lice
pediculosis
petechia
minute or small hemorrhagic spot on the skin
chronic skin disase characterized by itching red macules papules or plaques covered with silvery scales
psoriasis
contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
scabies
and fungal skin disease
tinea
allergic reation of the skin eruption of pale red elevated patches called wheals(hives)
urticaria
localized loss of skin pigmentation milk-white patches
vitiligo
epidermal growth caused by a virus warts,
verruca
aden/o
gland
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat