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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Impact of Napolean
-Between 1807 and 1812 Napolean made changes in German speaking lands.
-Napolean's conquests sparked German Nationalism.
-People who fought to free their lands from french rule began to demand a unified German State.
Congress of Vienna
-Sought to maintain status quo (the way things are).
-Opposed German Nationalism beacuse it would require dimanting governments.
-Prussian created economic Zollverein, which removed tariff barriers btween German states.
Otton Von Bismarck
-He used the policy "Blood and Iron" to unite the German states under Prussian rule.
-His success was due in part to his stong will and ability to manipulate other.
-Master of realpolitik, a tough minded evaluation when evaluating needs of states.
-The ends justify the means.
Victory in War
-Bismarck allied with Austria in order to seize Schleswig and Holstein from Denmarck.
-Franco-Prussian War of 1870, caused by a vacant throne in Spain.
-Bismarck moved Prussia and France to war by editing and releasing "Ems dispatch."
Results of Prussian Victory
-Willian the first of Prussia took title of Kaiser(emperor).
_In 1871 the Second Reich (empire) was born.
-Called it that because it considered it heir to the Holy Roman Empire founded by King Otto the Grreat in the 900s.
New Gov.
-2 house legislature.
-The Bundesrat, or upper class appointed by rules of German States.
-Reichstag or lower house was elected by universal male suffrage.
-German nation was far from democratics since Bundesrat could veto Reichstag.
How did indutrial progress in the 1850s and 1860s help Germany after unification?
-Germans had founded large companies that served as a base for expansion.