Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_______ are the most common lipid found in food.
Triglycerides
_______ fatty acids must be consumed in the diet b/c our bodies cannot make them.
Essential
_______ fatty acids have a "kink" which prevents them from packing tightly together & generally makes them liquid at room temperature.
Unsaturated
What is the process used to convert liquid fat (like cooking oil) into sold fat (like margarine)?
Hydrogenation
Name the leading cause of death in the United States.
Heart disease
Where does the majority of fat digestion take place?
in the small intestine
The most commonly occurring sterol in the diet is ...
cholesterol
The recommended intake of saturated fat is less than ___% of total calories.
7 (seven)
Olestra (Olean) is a _______ that may cause gastrointestinal distress if consumed in large quantities.
fat replacer / fat substitute
contain no double bonds & tend to be solid @ room temp.
saturated fatty acids
contain one or more double bonds & tend to be liquid @ room temp.
unsaturated fatty acids
contain no double bonds & tend to be solid @ room temp.
*saturated fatty acids*
hydrogen atoms are located on the same side of the double bond
cis fatty acids
hydrogen atoms are located diagnal from each other on opposite sides of the double bond
trans fatty acids
spherical compund in which fat clusters in the center & phospholipids & proteins around the outside
lipoprotein
type of lipid in which a fatty acid is combined with a phosphate-containing compound
phospholipids
type of lipid that has a ring structure
sterol
pick up cholesterol from the blood & return it to the liver
HDLs
transport cholesterol to the cells of the body
LDLs
The recommended intake of cholesterol is less than ____ mg per day.
300
Selenium is involved in the maintenance of our body temperature and __________.
basal metabolism
Upper body obesity increases a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and __________.
hypertension
Our bodies can make niacin from this amino acid.
tryptophan
Pregnant women require an additional ____ calories per day.
300
Food borne infections with ____ are especially dangerous for pregnany women b/c they can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth.
Listeria monocytogenes
When oxygen availability is limited in the cell, pyruvic acid is converted to ...
lactic acid
Bacteria in the mouth feed on ____ & cause cavities.
carbohydrates
What deficiency inhibits the uptake of glucose by the cells causing a rise in blood glucose & insulin levels?
chromium
A hormone produced by fat tissue that decreases food intake, body weight, & body fat.
Leptin
When __________ levels in the female body are low, it is difficult for the body to retain calcium.
estrogen