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26 Cards in this Set

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General rule about child pulse and respiratory rates:
The younger the child, the more rapid are the pulse and respiratory rates.
Neonate vitals:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
P: 100-180
RR: 30-60
BP: 60-90 Systolic
T: 98-100 F
Infant vitals 1-12 mo:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
P: 100-160
RR: 30-60
BP: 87-105 Systolic
T: 98-100 F
Toddler vitals 12-36 mo:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
Pulse: 80-110
Respiration: 24-40
Blood Pressure: 95-105 Systolic
Temperature: 96.8-99.6 F
Preschool vitals 3-5 y/o:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
Pulse: 70-110
Respiration: 22-34
Blood Pressure: 95-110 Systolic
Temperature: 96.8-99.6 F
School age vitals: 6-12 y/o:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
Pulse: 65-110
Respiration: 18-30
Blood Pressure: 97-112 systolic
Temperature: 98.6 F = 37C
Adolescence vitals 13-18 y/o:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
Pulse: 60-90
Respiration: 12-26
Blood Pressure: 112-128 systolic
Temperature: 98.6 F = 37C
Adult vitals 19-60:

Pulse
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Temperature
Pulse: 60-100
Respiration: 12-20
Blood Pressure: 120/80
Temperature: 98.6 F = 37C
What percentage of an infant's total body weight is its head?
25%
What is the Moro reflex?
When a newborn is startled, its arms are thrown wide, fingers are spread and a grabbing motion follows.
What is the palmar grasp reflex?
A reflex in the neonate which is elicited by placing a finger firmly in the infant's palm.
What is the rooting reflex?
It occurs when an infant's cheek is touched by a hand or cloth, and the hungry infant turns his head to the left or right.
What is the sucking reflex?
A reflex that occurs when an infant's lips are stroked.
What is bonding?
The formation of a close personal relationship especially through frequent or constant association.
What is secure attachment
A type of bonding that occurs when an infant learns that his caregivers will be responsive and helpful when needed.
What is anxious resistant attachment?
A type of bonding that occurs when an infant learns to be uncertain about whether or not his caregivers will be responsive or helpful when needed.
What is anxious avoidant attachment
A type of bonding that occurs when an infant learns to be uncertain about whether or not his caregivers will be responsive or helpful when needed.
What is anxious avoidant attachment
A type of bonding that occurs when an infant learns that his caregivers will not be responsive or helpful when needed.
At what age does the Trust vs mistrust phase happen?
Birth to about 1.5 years old.
What is scaffolding
A teaching learning technique in which one builds on what has already been learned
What is an easy child?
An infant who can be characterized by regularity of bodily functions, or moderate intensity of reactions, and acceptance of new situations.
What is a difficult child?
An infant who can be characterized by irregular bodily functions, intense reactions and withdrawal from new situations.
What is a slow to warm up child?
An infant who an be characterized by a low intensity of reactions and a negative mood.
By what age have children mastered the basics of language?
3-4 years old
During what ages do children develop separation anxiety?
18-24 months
What is the difference between authoritarian and authoritative parenting?
Authoritarian parents demand absolute obedience. Authoritative seek balance and respect a child's freedom.