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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The southern tip of the Balkan peninsula consists on many small peninsula that form?
The mainland of greece
T/F Greece has a great river system.
False
Describe Greece's climate?
mild climate and enough good soil and sufficent rainfall for farmers to grow grain, grapes, and olives in the small valleys and in the foothills of the mountains.
What helped keep Greece's population small?
because greece could not produce the variety of food needed.
What did Greece geography encourage?
the development of trade
Most of the ______________- _________________ had its roots in early Greece.
Western Civilation
What ancient ruins did archeologist believe to find?
Knossos
What did scholar name the civilization that Evans discovered?
Minos in honor of thier king
The early Minons developed an early ____________- ___________.
writing system
The Minoan writing system was called?
linear
Where was the Minoan civilization located?
on the Island of Create
What are paintings made on wet plaster wall
frescoes
t/f Frescoes show minoans as cheerfulpeople who enjoyed festivals.
true
What are two characteristics of Minoan civilations?
running water; worshipping the bull
Where did the Minoans turn for lively hood and why?
to the sea because the soil was unsuitable for growing crops
What happened to cause loss of life in creat around 1500?
volcanic erruption causing giant tital waves
Who doiminated the mainland 1600-1200 BC?
The Mycengeans
t/f The Myceneans did not have fortified cities?
false
Describe the Mycenaaens?
a warlike people who carried out raids by sea throuout the eastern Medieranean area
t/f The Mycenaens suffered from the effects of earthquakes?
True
What did the Mycenaens give way to
Parians
Define Polis
a city state
What did polis's typically develop around
forts
What are feature that Greek City-States share?
small size
small poulation
setting on a hill
public meeting place
t/f All people in greek city states had the rights of citizenship
false
What was one of the most populas city states?
Athens
What is an acropolis
a hill or mountain
What is an agora
marketplace
t/f each city state had a different form of government
true
Between 1000 bc and 700 bc, the greek city-states had similar forms of ___________.
government
What are epics
long poems describing heroes and great events
What were the names of two great epics for the Homeric Age?
The Illiad and the Odyssey
During the Homeric Age poets would travel from village to village reciting ____________.
folk songs
What was the setting for the Illiand and the Odyssey
The trojan War
Three main compenents of the Greek relgion during the Homeric age?
explantion of mysteries
explantion of passion
a means for gaining long life, good fortune, and abundant harvest
t/f The greeks primary religious focus was morality?
false
Who did the greeks attribute all human characteristics to?
thier gods and goddesses
Where did the Greeks belive thier gods lived?
Mount Olympius
What are myths
traditional storis about the deeds and misdeeds of the Gods
Who did the greeks believe was the king of the gods
Zeus
Who did the greekds believed protected women and marriage
Hera
Who was the God of the sea
Posidon
Who was the goddess of wisdom
Athena
The Greeks believed thatthe gods spoke throught__________ at special sancuaries called ________
priests
oracles
Where and when were the Gree games held and who were they in honor of
mt olympus
every fourth year
zeus
What are epics
long poems describing heroes and great events
What were the names of two great epics for the Homeric Age?
The Illiad and the Odyssey
During the Homeric Age poets would travel from village to village reciting ____________.
folk songs
What was the setting for the Illiand and the Odyssey
The trojan War
Three main compenents of the Greek relgion during the Homeric age?
explantion of mysteries
explantion of passion
a means for gaining long life, good fortune, and abundant harvest
t/f The greeks primary religious focus was morality?
false
Who did the greeks attribute all human characteristics to?
thier gods and goddesses
Where did the Greeks belive thier gods lived?
Mount Olympius
What are myths
traditional storis about the deeds and misdeeds of the Gods
Who did the greeks believe was the king of the gods
Zeus
Who did the greekds believed protected women and marriage
Hera
Who was the God of the sea
Posidon
Who was the goddess of wisdom
Athena
The Greeks believed thatthe gods spoke throught__________ at special sancuaries called ________
priests
oracles
Where and when were the Gree games held and who were they in honor of
mt olympus
every fourth year
zeus
What did the ancient greeks fist define a tyrant as
as one who seized power in defiance of law but ruled with the peoples support
What is a popular government
stated that people could and should rule themselves rather than be rules by others
What is a democracy
a government in which all citizens take part
Over time what did the word tyrant become to mean
a ruler who exercises absolute power by brutatlity and oppresivelty
The spartan Military was known as the
Ideal
What are helots
people forced to work for the invaders
Describe the spartan government
had an assembly of all all adult males; a council of elders 2 kings and ephors
What are epors
overseer who had unlimited power
t/f Sparta regulated the lives of its citizen from birth to death
true
t/f Spartas cared for newborn babies that were weak or deformed
False
Describe the military training in Sparta
all the baiss of education for boys
Sparta __________ heavily for having and efficient miltaty
paid
what age did the male begin his military service
at age 20 and remained available until 60
People born outside of Athens were called
metic
What could metics od
they worked as merchant or aritisans but they could not own land or take part in the government
Where is athens located
the attic pennisula
What did the athenas do that helped trade
coined money
What are achons
rulers each of whom served one year term of office
What did Soln do:
trusted leader
mediated the dispute between debtors and creditors outlawed enslavement for debt
What were the Social classes in Athens
Citizen
metics
slaves
What were the aristocrates
Landowners and they had power
What is a direct democracy
all citizens participated directly in making decsions
What are representative democracies
united states; the citizens elect representatives to run the govenment
What was the accomplisments of Draco
athens first code of written law
Who was Peisistratus
a tyrant although he was not always oppressive to the poor
What did Cleisthenes do
overthrew the aritocrates