Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Monomer
single units that make up polymers ( building blocks)
Glycedic Linkage
The link that binds monosacharides through dehydration
Disaccharide
Two monosacchrides linked together H-C=O
Maltose CH2OH
Monosaccharides
Glucose, have molecular formulas CH2O
Glucose 1:2:1
Polymer
Long chains of monomers
Chitin
Backbone of insects
Cellulose
Important in cell walls
Polysacchride for storage
Humans cannot digest it because of beta configuration
Polysaccharides
Many monsaccharides linked together
storage material
builing material to protect cell
Starch
Storage in cells
energy storage
Glycogen
Animal polysaccharide
it is in the liver
Steroids
4 fused rings
cholesterol> animal cell membrane
CH3-HO
Testosterone
Cortisol
Phospholipid
Hydrophobic head, hydrophilic tail
cell membrane
phosphate group O=P-O
Triglyceride
One fat that is joined by 3 ester linkages
Fatty Acids
carboxyl group at the end
Fat
glycerol/fatty acids
dehydration
Lipids
hydrophobic
dont consist of polymers
Carbohydrates
sugars
Protein
one or more polypeptide folded/ coiled into specific conformations
Enzymes
regulate metabolism
they speed up chemical relashionships
Polypeptide
polymers of amino acids
Amino acids
Organic molecules consisting of both carboxyl/ amino groups

nonpolar, polar, electrically charged
Peptide Bond
2 amino acids cause dehydration reaction
conformation
folding of proteins