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126 Cards in this Set

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abrasion
scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
abscess
a localized collection of pus in any part of the body
albino
an individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair, and skin
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair. may result fr normal aging, reaction to a medication such as anticancer med, endocrine disorder, or some skin disease
amputation
surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or a part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb
basal layer
deepest of the five layer of epidermis
bedsore
an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body-resulting fr loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body partl also known as a decubitis ulcer or pressure sore
blackhead
an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum with the opeing of a hair follicle
blister
a small-thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle
boil
a localized pus-producing infection rginating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle
bruise
a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membreane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result o an injury to the area
bulla
a large blister
carbuncle
a circumsribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissue that contains pus, which eventually disharges to the skin surface
cellutitis
a diffusd acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized b localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling
cerumen
ear wax
ceruminous gland
modified sweat gland that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish-brown waxy substance called cerumen (ear wax)
cicatrix
a scar; the pale, firm tissure that forms in the healing of a wound
collagen
the protein substance that forms the glistnening inelastic fibers connective tissure such as tendons ligaments, and fascia
comedo
typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle (close comdeo=whitehead; open comedo=blackhead)
contusion
an injury to a part of the body w/out a breakin in the skin
corium
the dermis; layer of the skin just under the epidermis
cryosurgery

cry/o
noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezng temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. coolants such as liquidnitrogen are used in the metal probe

cold
curettage
the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material
cutaneous membrane

cutane/o

-ous
the skin

skin

pertaining to
cuticle
a fold of skin that covers the root of the fingernail or toenail
cyanosis

cyan/o

-osis
condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin

blue

conidition
cyst
a closed sac or pouch in or w/in the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
debridement
removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissure fr a wound n order to prevent infection and to promote healing
dermatitis

dermmat/o

-itis
inflammation of the skin

skin

inflammation
dermatologist

-logist
physician who specialized in the treatment of disese and disorders of the skin

specialist in the study of
dermatology

-logy
the study of the skin

the study of
dermis

-is
the layer of skin immediately beneath the epidermis; the corium

noun endin
disphoresis
the secretion of sweat
ecchymosis
bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; bruise or black-blue mark
electrodesiccation
technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue, used primarily for the removal of surface lesions
epidermis

-epi
outermost laye of skin

upon, over
epidermoid cyst

-oid
cyst filled w/ a chessy material composed of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in he duct of a sebaceous glad; sebaceous cyst

resmebling
epithelium
tisue thatcovers the internal and external surfaces of the body
erythema

erythr/o
rednesss of the skin due to capillary dilatation

red
erythremia

-emia
an abnormal increase in the number of red blod cells; polycythemia vera

blood condition
erythroderma
see erythem
excoriation
injury to the surface of the skin caused by traua, such as scratching or abrasions
exfoliation
reeling r sloughing off of tssue cells, as in peeling of the skin after a severe burn
fissure
cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
fistu
bnormal passageway between 2 tubular organs (rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surfce
furnucle
localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil
gangrene
death of tissue, most often involving the extremities. ususally result f ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area), bacterial invasion, and subsequent putrefaction (decaying) of tissue
hair follicle
tiny tube within the dermis tat contains the root of a hair shaft
hair root
portion of a strand of hair that is embedded in th hair follicle
hair shaft
the visible part of the hair
hemangioma

hem/o

angi/o

-oma
benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color

blood

vessel

tumor
heparin
a natural anticolagulant substance produced by the the body tissues; also produced in labs for theraputic use as heparin sdium
hirsutism
excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occurring in women
histamine
substance (found in cells) that is released in allergic inflammatory reaction
histiocyte

histi/o

cyt/o
macrophage; large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms other cells, and foreign particles) occurrig in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue

tissure

cell
hives
circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than its surrounding edges
hydrocele

hydr/o

-cele
collection of fluid located in the area f the scrotal sac in male

water

swelling or herniation
ichthyosis

icthy/o
inherited dermatological coniditon in which the skin is dry, hyperkeratotic (hardened), and fissured-resembling fish scales

fishlike, scaly
integument
the skin
integumentary system
body system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous gland
keratin
a hard fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals
keratolytic

keat/o

-lytic
an agent used to break down or loosen the horny(hardened) layer of the skin

hard, horny; also refers to cornea of the eye

destruction
laceration
a tear in the skin
lanugo
soft, very ne hair that covers the body of the developing fetus; this hairy coaing is almost completely gone by birth
lesion
any visble damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
liocyte

lip/o

-e
a fat cell

fat

noun ending
lunula
the cresecent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
macrophage

macr/o

phag/o
lage phagocytic cell (cell that igests microorganisms, other cels, and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue

large

to eat
macule
a small, flat discoloration of the skin tha is neiter raised or depressed
mast cell
a cell (found within the connective tissue) that contains heparin and histamine; these subsances are released fr the mast cell in response to injury an infection
melanin
a black or dark pigment (produced by melanocytes withing the epiermis) that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultraviolet light
melanocytes
cells responislbe for producing melanin
nail body
the visible part of the nail
nodule
a small, circumscribed swelling protuding above the sin
oil gland
on of the many smal glands located in the dermisl its secretions provide oil to he hair and surroundin skin
onycholysis

onych/o

-lysis
separation of a fingernail fr its bed, beginning at the free margin. this condition is associated w/ dermatitis of the hand, psoriasis, and fungal infections

nail

destruction or detachment
onychomycosis

myc/o
any fungal infection of the nails

fungus
onychophagia
abit of biting the nails
pachyderma

pachy
abnormal thickening of the skin

thick
papule
a small, solid, cirumscribed elevation on the skin
paronychia

par/o
inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called runaround

beside, beyond, near
pediculosis
infestation with lice
perspirationt
the clear, watey fluid produce by te sweat glands
petechia
small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
pimple
a papule or pustule of the skin
polyp
a small, stalklike growth that protudes upward or outwad fr a mucous membrane surface resembling a mushrom stalk
pores
openings of the skin through which substances such as water, salts, and some fatty substances are excreted
pruritus
itching
purpura
a grop of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes; small, pinpoint hemorrhages
pustule
a small elevation of the skin filled w/ pus; a sall abscess
scales
thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed fr the epidermis
sebasceous cyst
a cyst filled w/a cheesymaterial consisting of sebum and epithelial debris has formed in the duct ofaa sebaceous gland
sebaceous gland
an oil gland located in the dermis; its secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin
sebrrhea

seb/o

-rrhea
excssive secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales

sebum

flow, drainage
sebum
the oily secretion o the sebaceous glands
skin tags
small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma
squamous epthelial cells
flat scalelike cells arranged in laters (strata)
squamous epithelium
single layer of flattened plateliekcells that cover internal and external body surfaces
stratified
layered; arranged in layers
stratum
a uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells
stratum basale
layer of skin where new cells are continually beign reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of skin
stratum corneum
outermost layer of epidermis(consisting of dead cells tht have converted to keratin, which continually sluffs or flakes away; known as the keratinized(or "horny") cell layer (kerat/o=horn)
stretch marks
linear tears in the dermis that result fr overstretching fr rapid growth. they begin as pinkish-blue streaks w/jagged edges and may be accompanied by itching. as they heal and lose their color, the stria remain as silvery-white scar lines
subcutaneous tissue
fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis
subungual hematoma
a collection of blood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma (injury)
sudoriferous gland
a sweat gland
sweat
clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as perspiration
sweat gland
one of the tiny structure within the dermis that produces sweat, which carries waste products to the surface of the skin for excretion
telangiectasia
the peramnent dilation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules. these dilated vessels may be visible through the skin as tiny red lines. common causes include but are not limited to rosacea, elevated estrogen levels, and actinic
ulcer
circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
urticaria
a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth, slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by sever itching (pruritus).
vesicle
a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister
vitiligo
a sking disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varing sizes that are surrounded by skin w/normal pigmentation
wheal
circumscribed, slight elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the cneter than its surrounding edges; hives
whitehead
a closed comedo, caused by accumlation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle; the content within is not easily expressed
xanthoderma
any yello coloration of the skin
xeroderma
a chronic skin coniditon characterized by roughness and dryness
acne vulgaris
common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck
albinism
a condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
burns
tissue injury produced by flame, heat, chemicals, radiation, electricity or gas. exten of the damage to the underlying tissue is dertermined by the mode and duration of exposure, the thermal intensity or temperature and the anatomic site of the burn
1st degree (superficial)
produce redness and swelling of epidermis, are painful, and heal spontaneously w/peeling in about 3-6 days and produce no scar
2nd degree (partial-thickenss)
exhibit a blistering pink to red color and some swelling, involve the epidermis and upper layer of the dermis, are very sensitive and painful, and heal in approx. 2 wks w/out a scar if no wound infection or trauma occurs during healing process
3rd degree (full-thickness)
cause tissue damage according to the duration and temp. of heat source, involve massive necrosis of the epidermis and entire dermis, and may include part of the subcutaneous tissue or muscle, appear brown, black, tan, white or deep cherry red and are wet or dry, sunken, with eschar (dry crust) and coagulated capillaries, produce pain according to the amount of nerve tissue involed and will take a long time to heal and will likely require debridements and grafting
callus
a common thickening of the epidermis @ sites of external pressure or friction, such as the weight-bearing areas of the feet and on the palmar surface of the hands.
carcinoma, basal cell
most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue, occurring most often on areas of the skin exposed to the sun
carcinoma, squamous cell
malignancy of the squamous (or scalelike) cells of the epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma andwhich has a greater potential for meastasis if not treated