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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Abdominal cavity
The cavity beneath the thoracic cavity that is seperated from the the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm; contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines and kidneys
abdomiopelvic cavity
A term that describes the abdominal and pelvic cavity collectively; refers to the space between the diaphragm and the groin.
A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form.
anatomical position
The standard reference position for the body as a whole; the person is standing with arms at the sides and palms turned forward; the individual's head and feet are also pointing forward.
pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle
the muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
pertaining to the tail
the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
cell membrane
the semi-permeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae
the first seven segments of the spinal column; identified as C1-C7
the threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
the tailbone. located at the end of the vertebral column, the coccyx results from the fusion of four individual coccygeal bones in the child
connective tissue
tissue that supports and bind other body tissue and parts
pertaining to the skull or brain
cranial cavity
the cavity that contains the brain
the study of cells
a gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell. The cytoplasm contains cell organs, called organelles, which carry out the essential functions of the cell
away from the surface
away from or the farthest from the trunk of the body, or farthest from the point of origin of a body part
pertaining to the back
the back or posterior surface of a part; in the foot, the top of the foot
any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region
The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the ribs
epithelial tissue
the tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body; in also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands and body organs
frontal plane
any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planes and dividing the body into front and back portions
segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
an increase in the number of cells in a body part
hypochondriac region
the right and left regions of the upper abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs; located on either side of the epigastric region
hypogastric region
the middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region
incomplete or underdevloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells.
below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region
the right and left regions fo the lower section of the abdomen; also called the iliac region
toward the side of th ebody, away from the midline of the body
lumbar region
the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
lumbar vertebrae
the largest and stronges of the vertebrae of the spinal column, located in the lower back. The lumbar vertebrae consist of 5 large segments of the movable part of the spinal column; identified as L1-L5
cell organs, or organelles, that contain various kinds of enzymes capable of breaking down all of the main components of cells; lysosomes destroy bacteria by digesting them
McBurney's point
A point on the right side of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
toward the midline of the body
pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space, such as the abdominal membrane that lines the abdominal wall
midline of the body
the imaginary "line" that is created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves.
midsagittal plane
the plane that divides the body or a structure into right and left equal portions
cell organs, or organelles, which provide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions
Munro's point
a point on the left side of the abdomen, about halfway between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
muscle tissue
the tissue that is capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
the umbilicus, the belly button
the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
nervous tissue
tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body, thereby activating, coordinating, and controlling the many functions of the body
the central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane
tissues that are arranged together to perform a special function
pelvic cavity
the lower front cavity of the body, located beneath the abdominal cavity; contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
a specific, serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera
imaginary slices, or cuts made through the body as if a dividing sheet were passed through the body at a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different angle
pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
pertaining to the back of the body
a movement that allows the palms fo the hands to turn downward and backward
lying facedown on the abdomen
toward or nearest to the trunk of the body, or nearest to the point of origin of a body part
cell organs, or organelles, that synthesize proteins; often called the cell's "protein factories"
the singular, triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the five individual sacral bones of the child
skeletal muscle
muscle that is attached to bone and is responsible for the movement of the skeleton
smooth muscle
muscle that is found n the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines
spinal cavity
the cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord; also known as the spinal canal
pertaining to the surface of the body, or near the surface
above or upward toward the head
a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
lying horizontally on the back, faceup
organs that work together to perform the many functions of the body as a whole
thoracic cavity
the chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus and trachea
thoracic vertebrae
the second segment of 12 vertebrae that make up the vertebral bones of the chest; identified as T1-T12
a group of cells that perform specialized functions
transverse plane
any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes, dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
umbilical region
the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region
the navel; also called the belly button
pertaining to the front; belly side
pertaining to the internal organs
visceral muscle
smooth muscle; muscle that is found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines