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17 Cards in this Set

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The movemnt of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
DIFFUSION
The diffusion of water across a cell membrane
OSMOSIS
The diffusion of particles through proteins in the cell membrane from areas where the concentration of particles is high to areas where the concentration of particles is low.
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
The movement of particles through protiens in the cell membrane against the direction of diffusion; requires cells to use energy.
ACTIVE TRANSPORT
Process in which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses it in a vesicle to bring it into the cell.
ENDOCYTOSIS
The process used to remove large particles from a cell
EXOCYTOSIS
The process by which plants capture light energy from the sun and convert it into sugar.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
The process of producing ATP from oxygen and glucose; releases carbon dioxide as a waste product.
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
The breakdown of sugars to make ATP in the absence of oxygen
FERMENTATION
The life cycle of a cell; in eukaryotes it consists of chromosome duplication, mitosis and cytokinesis
CELL CYCLE
Coiled structure of DNA and protein that forms in the cell nucleus during cell division
CHROMOSOME
The simple cell division in which one cell splits into two; used by bacteria
BINARY FISSION
Chromosomes with matching information
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
Identical copies of a chromosome
CHROMATIDS
The region that holds chromatids together when a chromosome is duplicated
CENTOROMERE
Nuclear division in eukaryotic cells in which each cell receives a copy of the original chromosomes
MITOSIS
The process in which cytoplasm divides after mitosis.
CYTOKINESIS