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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aluminum
Al
antimony
Sb*stibium
argon
Ar
arsenic
As
barium
Ba
bisumth
Bi
boron
B
bromine
Br
cadmium
Cd
calcium
Ca
carbon
C
chlorine
Cl
chromium
Cr
cobalt
Co
Copper
Cu*cuprum
flourine
F
gold
Au*aurum
helium
He
hydrogen
H
iodine
I
iron
Fe*ferrum
lead
Pb*plumbum
lithium
Li
magnesium
Mg
manganese
Mn
mercury
Hg*hydrargyrum
neon
Ne
nickel
Ni
nitrogen
N
oxygen
O
phosphorus
P
platinum
Pt
potassium
K*kalium
radium
Ra
Silicon
Sn
Silver
Ag*argentium
sodium
Na*natrium
strontium
Sr
sulfur
S
tin
Sn*stannum
titanium
Ti
Tungsten
W*wolfram
Uranium
U
zinc
Zn
set of abbreviations for the chemical elements
element symbols
a given compound always contains the same proportions (by mass) of the elements. A given compound always has the same composition, regardless of where it comes from
law of constant composition
successfully explained important observations such sa the law of constant composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
a distinct substance that is composed of the atoms of two or more elements and always contains exactly the same relative masses of those elements
compound
the types of atoms and the number of each type in each unit or molecule of a given compound is expressed by...
chemical formula
an atom with a dense center of positive charge around which tiny electrons moved in a space that was otherwise empty
nuclear atom
postive dense center of an atom
nucleus
holds same magnitude of charge as the electron, but its charge is positive
proton
a neutral particle found in most nuclei, slightly more massive than a proton, but has no charge
neutron
atoms with the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons
isotopes
number of protons in a nucleus
atomic number
sum of the number of neutrons and the number of protons in a given nucleus
mass number
cathode-ray tube... who?
Thomson
gold foil experiment... who?
Rutherford
electrons... who?
Thomson
nucleus... who?
Rutherford