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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
agents of socialization
groups from which we learn the patterns of our culture
anticipatory socialization
social learning that is directed towards occupying a new position and the expected behaviors or that position
concrete operational stage
stage of development i which children begin to thin in terms of actual events and objects and understand casual relationships
conventional level
level of moral development in which children begin to evaluate behavior in terms of right and wrong
differential socialization
members of the same society are raised differently based upon the different roles they are expected to perform as adults
conscious,reality-oriented component of the mind that strives to balance the demands of the id with those of the superego
ethnic or radical socialization
components of socialization that transmit messages concerning the status of one's ethnic group in relation to others while facilitating a sense of identity based upon ethnicity
formal operational stage
final stage of development in which children learn the ability to think abstractly and critically
game stage
final stage in development of self, during which children become aware of the generalized other and are able to view a situation from the perspective of multiple others
gender socialization
portion of socialization involving particular messages about what it means to be male or female in a society
generalized socialization
portion of socialization involving particular messages about what it means to be male or female in a society
generalized other
commonly accepted cultural norms and values that we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves
the subjective,spontaneous and unique element of self
component of personality that represents a human being's basic biological needs and demands instant gratification
the objective element of self, consisting of the internalized attitudes and expectations of the larger social environment
objective element of self, consisting of the internalized atticutes and expectations of the larger social enviroment
capacity to understand symbols
peer group
group of people who share similar ages,interests and social positions
play stage
second stage in the development of self,children learn to use language and other symbols, which enables them to take the roles of others
postconventional level
final level of moral development,in which behavior is evaluated in terms of abstract ethical principles that may transcend rules and laws
preconventional level
stage of moral development in which children give little consideration to the views of others and experience the world in terms of what gives them pain or pleasure
preoperational stage
children learn to use symbols and mental images to understand the world around them
prepatory stage
first stage of development of self, children largely imitate the world around them
learning a different set of values,norms and attitudes from those we previously learned
portion of an individual's personality composed of self-image and self-awareness
sensorimotor stage
children can only understand the world around them through thier five senses
livelong process by which individuals learn thier culture and develop thier human potentiall
moral and ethical aspects of personality shaped by the culture in which the child lives
taking the role of the other
to be able to see one's self as specific other people see us
total institutions
an enviroment in which people are isolated from the rest of society and under the continous control of the administrative staff