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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In science a domain is what?
View or perspective of the discipline.
Elements of nursing paradign are what?
1. Recipient of nursing care.
2. Health
3. Environment
4. Nursing
5. Education
1, 2, 3 and 4.
Not 5.
From nursing diagnoses, the nurse creates what?
Individual plan of care.
True or False:
A theory is a set of concepts, definitions and relationships and assumptions that project a systematic view of phenomena.
True
What are the components of a theory?
1. Concepts
2. Definitions
3. Assumptions
4. Phenomenon
ALL 4.
What is phenomenon?
Aspect of reality that can be consciously sensed or experienced.
What is a grand theory intended to provide?
Structural framework for broad, abstract ideas about nursing.
Which theory is more limited in scope, address specific phenomena or concepts and reflects practice?
Mid-range theories.
What do descriptive theories do?
Describe phenomena, speculates on why they occur.
Which theory addresses nursing interventions, and predict the consequences of a specific nursing intervention?
Perspective theories.
What are the parts of a system theory?
1. Input
2. Output
3. Feedback
In Maslow's hierachy of needs, what are the basic needs?
Air, water and food.
What are his second level needs?
Safety and security needs.
What type of theories focut on human growth and development from conception until death?
Developmental theories.
What did FLorence Nightingale focus on in her theory?
Environment and it's effects on the body.
Which theory focuses on the interaction between the nurse and client?
Peplau's Theory
There is a contemporary move toward nursing science-or evidenced-based practice. This suggests:
1. Scientists will decide nursing decisions.
2. Theories are tested and used to describe or predict client outcomes of nursing care.
3. Nursing will base client care on the practice of medicine, psychology, social work and other sciences.
4. One theory will guide nursing practice.
2
To practice in today's health care systems, nurses need a strong scientfic knowledge base from nursing and other disciplines, such as the physical, social and behavioral sciences. This is an example of which of these:
1. Developmental theories.
2. Health and wellness models.
3. Systems theories.
4. Interdisciplinary theories.
4
Knowledge of these assist nurses in understanding and predicting the client's health behaviors, including use of health care services and adherence to recommended therapies.
1. Systems theories.
2. Interdisciplinary theories.
3. Stress and adaptation models.
4. Health and wellness models.
4
Leninger's theory of cultural care diversity and universality specifically addresses:
1. Caring for clients from unique cultures.
2. Caring for client's who cannot adapt to interal and external environmental demands.
3. Understanding of the humanistic aspects of life.
4. Variables affecting a client's response to a stressor.
1
As an art, nursing relies on knowledge gained from practice and reflection of past experiences. As a science, nursing draws on:
1. Scientifically tested knowledge that is applied in the practice setting.
2. Physician generated research.
3. Experimental research
4. Nonexperimental research.
1