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55 Cards in this Set

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The reaction of an animal to a certain stimuli; manner in which animal reacts to its enviornment
Behavior
A disturbance in the functions or structure of an animal
Disease
An animal that thrives to maintain a constant body temperature
Endotherm
An animal that adjusts its boy temperature to that of its environment
Ectotherm
A disease that is spread by direct or indirect contact with animals
Contagious disease
A tiny disease-particle too small to be seen with an ordinary microscope
Virus
One-celled organisms that are sometimes called germs
Bacteria
Unicellular organisms that generally cause disease on the outside of the body
Fungi
Unicellular organisms that are the simplest form of animal life and may cause diseases
Protozoa
Multicellular organism that lives in or on another animal
Parasite
A parasite that lives in the host's digestive system, muscles, or other tissues
Internal parasite
A parasite that lives on the external parts of an animal; feeds by biting or sucking the blood and tissue of the animal and may transfer contagious diseases
External parasite
A disease that is not spread through casual contact but caused by a nutritional, physiological, or morphological problem
Noncontagious disease
A parasitic disease caused by a protozoa that attacks red blood corpulses
Anaplasmosis
An acute infectious disease that affects most endothermic animals; mostly affects cattle on pasture during the summer
Anthrax
A disease of the reproductive system tract that affects cattle, sheep, goats, and hogs
Brucellosis (Bang's)
An acute, highly infectious disease that usually results in death; animal loses appetite and dies
Blackleg
A highly contagious mild disease that affects hogs
Hog cholera
A parasitic infectious disease affecting chickens, ducks, geese, and game birds
Coccidiosis
A virus transmitted by insects that bite horses, mules, and wild rodents; makies animals appear sleepy and die
Sleeping sickness
A serious neurological disease that affects cattle and are transmissable to humans, sheep, and goats (BSE)
Mad cow disease
Internal parasites caused by heel flies in cattle; will cause bumps and create larva in bumps
Grubs
A bacterial disease that affects cattle, dogs, sheep, and most other farm and companion animals
Leptospirosis
External parasites that suck their hosts blood and attack cattle, hogs, and other species
Lice
A bacterial disease that causes an inflammation in the udder that interferes with milk production; affects female cattle, sheep, goats, and swine
Mastitis
A disease that is caused by a virus and occurs in all endothermic animals; affects behavior
Rabies
An environmental disease that is caysed when animals are hauled or sold; affects cattle and sheep
Shipping fever
A substance that destroys the causes of disease
Disinfectant
Keeping areas where animals are raised and fed clean
Sanitation
To separate disease and nondiseased animals
Isolation
Preparing an animal for stress
Preconditioning
The resistance of animal in terms of diseases
Immunity
Immune substances produced in the body to resist diseases
Antibodies
A substance found in milk shortly after giving birth
Colostrum
A substance that is used to prevent and control disease
Medication
A medicine primarily used to prevent disease
Biological
A medicine used to treat a diagnosed animal
Pharmaceutical
A substance produced by one organism that will inhibit or kill another organism; treats diseases caused by microbes
Antibiotics
A small pellet that is placed underneath the skin (medication)
Implant
Medication that is placed on the skin or surface of an animal
Topical medication
Medication given through the mouth
Oral medication
A material used to give liquid medication
Dose syringe
A material used to give pills or bolus
Balling gun
Compare and contrast health and disease.
Health is the condition of an animal in terms of how the functions of life are being performed while diseases are disturbances in the function of an animal. Both affect the behavior of an animal.
How does health affect behavior?
Health affects behavior of animals depending on good and bad health. If an animal is in good health, it will show a positive behavior, while an animal will bad health will show a negative, or bad behavior.
Four signs of good health
1. Good appetite
2. Alert and content behavior
3. Bright eyes
4. Shiny coat
Four signs of ill health
1. Lack of appetite
2. Sunken eyes or discharge from eyes
3. Discharge from the mouth or nostrils
4. Inactivity
How does environment affect health?
The aspects of the environment of an animal can affect the well-being or health. How healthy or ill an animal is depends on the components of the environment such as temperature, light, and humidity.
How can the environment be manipulated for the benefit of an animal?
The temperature of an environment can change to better suit the animal using heat lamps and cool water. Light can also be provided to give heat. Proper ventilation can be added to remove humidity, thus removing microbes and bacteria that can harm animals.
What are some results of poor health?
Poor health can cause death, lower production, and human disease. Death causes the producer to lose profit and this can result in the increase of cost on the product. Lower productions also decreases profits for the producers. Human diseases can be contracted from products that came from poor health.
Explain the difference between contagious and noncontagious diseases.
Contagious diseases are diseases that spread by direct or indirect contact from other animals while noncontagious diseases are diseases that do not spread through casual contact. Unlike noncontagious diseases that can be caused by a nutritional, physiological, or neurological problem, contagious diseases are caused by pathogens.
List three diseases of animals and describe each.
1. Anthrax: an acute infectious diseases that frequently affects cattle and can cause fevers, rapid respiration, and swelling of the neck.
2. Bang's disease (brucellosis): attacks the reproductive tract of female cattle, sheep, and hogs.
3. Blackleg: an acute highly infectious disease that affects cattle, sheep, and goats that causes high fevers, swelling of the neck and shoulder, muscles in the neck, shoulder, and thighs cracked when mashed, and finally death.
How does the body fight off diseases?
The body fights off diseases using antibodies in the body. Antibodies such as leukocytes fight off pathogens and diseases.
List and explain several methods of maintaining good health.
1. Environmental Condition: animal's habitats or whereabouts is spacious, properly ventilated, clean, and dry.
2. Sanitation: animal's area is always kept clean by removing dead animals, wase, and manure and using disinfectant
3. Proper Nutrition: animal is fed regularily with proper food
What kinds of medications are used?
Several types of medications used are antibiotics, pesticides, dietary supplements, sulfonamides, vaccines, and more used to prevent, treat, and remove parasites and diseases.