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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
information about the world that is stored in memory, information about the world that is likely to be true, that you
have justification for believing, and that is coherent
categorization is the ability to establish that a perceived entity belongs to a particular group of things that share key characteristics
derive information not explicitly present in a single member of a category but available because of knowledge of the characteristics of the group or groups to which it belongs.
knowledge allows you to know how to respond to a given situation, how to act
knowledge affects our perception. leart versus heart example
memory, knowledge allows us to form sentences, speak ourselves following complex grammar rules, and understand those around us
a key aspect in thought, something that stands for some other object, event, or thought
criterion for representations
intentionality, information-carrying,
intentionality criterion
a representation must be constructed intentionally to stand for something else.
information-carrying criterion
a representation must carry information
about what it stands for.
formats of representations
the type of its code. refers to the elements that make up a
representation and how these elements are arranged. also relies on characteristics of the processes that operate on them to extract information
a meaningful sensory aspect of a perceived stimulus.
structures, rather like algebraic expressions, that specify a set of relations that links objects in the environment.
semantic networks
represents relations and objects in diagram form
property lists
names the characteristics of the entities belonging to a category
statistical pattern can reactivate image and feature information even after the original scene is no longer present
convergence zone theory
a population of conjunctive neurons that associates feature information within a
modality. these patterns integrate information from image and feature analyses within a given modality, such as vision
modality switching
a process in which attention is shifted from one modality to another
memories of individual category members
a precise definition of the criteria for a category
simply specifies what properties are most likelyto be true of a category
background knowledge
specifies how properties originate, why they are important, and how they are related to one another
representation that captures the information that typically applies to a situation or
dynamic representation
the ability of the cognitive system to construct, and call on as necessary, many different representations of a category, each emphasizing the category knowledge currently most
ontological types
the study of being or the essence of things
a set of nested categories that vary in abstraction, each nested category a subset of its higher order category
motor cogntition
mental processing in which the motor system draws on stored information to plan and produce our own actions, as well as to anticipate, predict, and interpret the actions of others
movement versus action
a voluntary displacement of a body part in physical space, a series of movements that must be accomplished in order to reach a goal
perception-action cycle
the transformation of perceived patterns into coordinated patterns of movements
mental plans designed to achieve a goal through action
shared motor representations
our ability mentally to represent actions made by other people
motor imagery
mentally simulating an intended action without actually producing it
motor priming
the effect whereby watching a movement or an action facilitates making a similar motor response oneself
motor program
the representation of a sequence of movements that is planned in advance of actual performance
motor anticipation
the set of processing operations required to prepare a motor program
kinematic pattern
the pattern of motion