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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
person born in one country who lives in a different country without changing his or her citizenship
bill of attainder
a law that permits law enforcement officials to find a person guilty without going through a trail; forbidden by the Constitution
rights and responsibilities of a citizen. In the U.S., a person is a citizen if they are born in the U.S., one or both of their parents are citizens, or they are naturalized. Citizens’ rights and responsibilities include voting, being elected for government offices, and doing jury duty
double jeopardy
trying a person twice for the same crime. It’s unconstitutional in the United States
dual citizenship
having citizenship of two countries at the same time. Children who are entitled to citizenship of two countries usually have dual citizenship, but sometimes have to choose one country to be a citizen of when they reach adulthood
due process
the obligation of the state to observe the laws protecting individual rights before it inflicts punishment of any kind
equal protection of the laws
the obligation of the state to treat all of its people alike
ex post fact laws
a law that makes illegal an action that was legal at the time the law was passed; forbidden by the Constitution
immunity from prosecution
a promise that someone facing possible criminal charges will not by tried for the same crime; in exchange for immunity, the individual usually agrees to cooperate fully with the authorities who are investigating the crime
a summary of the prosecution's case against a suspect presented to a grand jury, which decides whether the evidence is strong enough to warrant indicting the suspect, or bring the person to trial
the publication of false statements that damage someone's reputation
martial law
a situation in which constitutional is suspended an the government is put under military rule
the process by which aliens become citizens of a country
to ask a government official for support of a cause or a redress of grievances; petitions can be verbal or in writing and can be submitted by an individual or a group
a protest movement that combines the right of assembly with the right of petition
right of eminent domain
the power of a state government to take a person’s private property for public use. People whose property is taken in this way must be given fair compensation
saying something untrue that harms another person's reputation
the betrayal of one's country; an action that gives aid and comfort to the enemies of one's country
writ of habeas corpus
A court order that requires law enforcement official to bring accused persons before a court and give reasons why they should be imprisoned. If the reasons are weak, the accused must be set free. This protection against unlawful arrest in guaranteed by the Constitution.