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12 Cards in this Set

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DILATION AND EFFACEMENT OF THE CERVIX
take place that is, uterine contractionsgradually become more frequent and powerful, causing the cervix to open (dilate) and thin(efface), forming a clear channel from the uterus into the birth canal, or vagina.
transition
the climax of State 1 is a brief period called...in which the frequencyand strength of contractions area at their peak and the cervix opens completely.
APGAR SCALE
To quickly assess the newborn's physical condition, doctors and nurses use this.
NATURAL OR PREPARED CHILDBIRTH
a group of techniques aimed at reducing pain and medical intervention and making childbirth as rewarding an experience as possible.
fetal monitors
are electronic instruments that track the baby's heart rate during labor.
ANALGESICS
are used to relieve pain. When given during labor, the dose is usually mild and intended tohelp a mother relax.
ANESTHETICS
are stronger type of painkiller that blocks sensations.
FORCEPS
metal clamps placed around the baby's head to pull the infant fromt he birth canal, have been used since the sixteeth century to speed up delivery
vacuum extractor.
consists in a plastic cup(placed on the baby's head) attached to a suction tube.
INDUCED LABOR
is one that is started artificially, usually by breaking the amnion, or bag of waters (an event that typically occurs naturally in the first stage of labor) and giving the mother synthetic oxytocin, a hormone that stimulates contractions.
cesarean delivery
is a surgical birth; the doctor makes an incidison in the mother's abdomen and lifts the baby out of the uterus.
breech position
when babies turned so that the buttocks or fee would be delivered first