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28 Cards in this Set

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The systemic study of what a person's conduct and actions should be with regard to self, other human, beings, and the environment; it is the justification of what is right or good and the study of what a person's life and relationships should be not necessarily what they are.
Ethics
application of normative ethical theory to everyday life
Applied ethics
occurs when an individual is unsure which moral priniciples or values apply and may even inlcude uncertainty as to what the moral problem is.
moral uncertainty or moral conflict
is the result of the individual knowing the right thing to do but organizational constraints make it difficult to take the right course of action
Moral distress
occurs when an individual witnesses the immoral act of another but feels powerless to stop it
Moral outrage
occurs when two or more unclear moral priniciples apply but they support inconsistent courses of action
moral or ethical dilemmas
guides individuals in solving ethical dilemmas
Ethical Frameworks
consists of judging wheather the consequences of an action are good or bad
utilitarianism or consequentialist theory
judges whether the action is right or wrong regardless of the consequenses and is based on the philosophy of Emanuel Kant in the 18th centruy
Deontological Ethical Theory
is an ethical framework stating that some decisions must be made because there is duty to do something or to refrain from doing something.
Duty-Based reasoning
is based on the belief that some things are a person's just due
Rights-Based reasoning
allows the decision maker to review each ethical problem or issue on case by case basis, comparing the relative weights of goals, duties, and rights
intuitionist framework
is the belief that a specific culture's ethical principles cannot be generalized to individuals who do not share that culture
Ethical Relativism
ethical principles are universal and can be used to justify ethical decisions in all cultures
Ethical Universalism
promotes seld-determination adn freedom of choice
autonomy
actions are taken in an effort to promote good
Beneficence
actions are taken in an effort to acoid harm
Nonmaleficence
one individual assumes the right to make decisions for another
Paternalism
The good of the many outweights the wants or needs of the individual
Utility
Seek fairness; treat "equals" equally and treat "unequals" according to their differences
Justice
Obligation to tell the truth
Veracity
Need to keep promises
Fidelity
Keep privileged infomation private
Confidentiality
is a set of prinicples, established by a profession, to guide the indiviudal practionor
professional code of ethics
These standards are also used as the baseline for determing eligibility for magnet status for acute care hospitals
The Scope and Standards for Nurse Administrators
This model is especially useful in clarifying wthical problems that result from conflicting obligations
MORAL decision making
directs the decision maker to what one aspires to be or what one desires the organization to be
Aspirational ehtics
are primialy formed to protect the rights and welfare of reserch subjects
Institutional Review Boards