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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the purpose of the Constitution?
To set out the basic principles upon which the government in the United States was built and operates today.
What is the Preamble?
Short,noteworthy introduction that is found in the first part of the Constitution.
What are the sections of the Constitution called?
Articles
How many amendments are there?
27
What are the six basic principles of the Constitution?
Popular sovereignty
limited government
separation of powers
checks and balances
judicial review
federalism
Principle in which all political power resides in the people, and are only source for any and all governmental power.
Popular Sovereignty
Principle where the government must obey the law; often called constitutionalism or rule of law.
Limited Government
When powers( executive,legislative and judicial) are distributed among independent branches.
Separation of powers
The Congress is also reffered as the
Legislative Branch
The President is reffered as
Executive Branch
The courts are also known as
Judicial Branch
What was the goal of the Framers?
They intended to create a stronger government for the united States, but also wanted to limit its powers.
When each branch is subject to a number of constitutional restraints by the other branches.
Checks and Balances
Rejecting any act of Congress
to veto
To declare illegal
unconstitutional
Power of courts to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
Judicial Review
Federalism
Division of power among a central government and several regional governments.
Appointed for life,free from executive control;may declare executive actions unconstitutional.
Judges/Courts
Makes laws,creates agencies and programs, appropriates funds to carry out laws and programs, may override veto with 2/3 vote, may remove President through impeachment.
Congress
May veto legislation, may call special sessions,recommend legislation, appeal to the people.
President