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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any lesion caused by unrelieved pressure
Pressure ulcer / Decubitus ulcer
A compressing downward force on a body area
Pressure
A deficiency in the blood supply to the tissure
Ischemia
When pressure is relieved, the skin takes on a bright red flush
Reactive hyperemia
A process in which extra blood floods to the area to compensate for the preceding period of impeded blood flow
Vasodialation
A force acting parallel to the skin surface
Friction
A combination of friction and pressure, occurs commonly when a client assumes a Fowler's position in bed.
Shearing force
Referes to the reduction in the amount and control of movement a person has
Immobility
Moisture from incontinence promotes skin tissue to soften
Maceration
Area of loss of the superficial layers of the skin also kow as the denuded area
Excoriation
Healing or the renewal of tissues
Regeneration
Occures where the tissue surfaces have been approximated(closed) and there is minimal or no tissue loss
Primary intention healing
To close the skin faces
Approximated
A wound that is extensive and involves considerable tissue loss, and in which the edges cannot or should not be approximated, heals in this way
Secondary intention healing
Wounds are lefte open for 3-5 days to allow edema or infection to resolve and then it is closed with sutures.
Tertiary Intention
Cessation of bleeding
Hemostasis
An insoluble protein formed from firbrinogen during the clotting of blood
Fibrin
Macrophages engulf microorganisms and cellular debris by this process
Phagocytosis
A whitish protein substance that adds tensile strenth to the wound.
Collagen
Young connective tissue with new capillaries formed in the wound healing process
Grandulation Tissue
Thick necrotic tissue produced by burning, by a corrosive application, or by death of tissue associated with loss of vascular supply, bacterial invasion, and putrefaction
Eschar
A hypertrophic scar containing an abnormal amount of collagen
Keloid
Inflammatory material consisting of a combination of clear and blood-tinged drainage
Serosanguineous Exudate
Inflammatory material composed of clear portions of blood,
Serous Exudate
An exudate consisting of leukocytes, liquefied dead tissue debris, and dead and living bacteria
Purulent Exudates
A thick liquid associated with inflammation and composed of cells, liquid, microorganisms, and tissue debris
Pus
The formation of pus
Suppuration
Bacteria that produces pus
Pyogenic Bacteria
An exudate containing large amounts of red blood cells
Sanguineous Exudate
Excessive loss of blodd fromthe vascular system
Hemorrhage
A collection of blood in a tissue, organ, or space due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel
Hematoma
The partial or total rupturing of a surtured wound
Dehiscence
Extrusion of the internal organs
Evisceration
Removal of infected and necrotic tissue
Debridement
Filling an open would or cavity with a material such as gauze
Packing
A strip of cloth used to wrap some part of the body
Bandage
A type of bandage applie to large body areas or for a specific body part; used to provide support
Binder
A moist gauze dressing applie frequently to an open wound, sometimes medicated
Compress
Used to soak a client's pelvic area; also freffered to as a hip bath
Sitz Bath
A decrease int he caliber (lumen) of blood vessels
Vasoconstriction