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42 Cards in this Set

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Southern Christian Leadership Conference
An alliance of church-based African American organizations dedicated to ending discrimination
Martin Luther King Jr.
Led the SCLC dedicated to ending discrimination
Nonviolent resistance
Required that protesters not resort to violence even when others attacked them
Sit-ins
Demonstrators protest by sitting down in a location and refusing to leave
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
A loose association of student activists from throughout the South
Congress of Racial Equality
Northern-based civil rights group that hoped to launch new nonviolent protests against racial discrimination
Freedom Riders
Sent on bus trips through the South to draw attention to violations of the Supreme Court ruling
T. Eugene "Bull" Connor
Birmingham's city commissioner of public safety that blamed the Freedom Riders for violence
Diane Nash
Leader of the SNCC who refused to comply with Kennedy's request of ending the rides
James Meredith
An African American applicant to the University of Mississippi that was accepted and went to class with armed guards
Medgar Evers
NAACP field secretary that was killed by a white
Laurie Pritchett
Police Chief in Georgia who arranged to fill all the surrounding jails with protestors and did
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Banned discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Robert Moses
Tried hard to help register black voters
Council of Federated Organizations
Coordinated voter registration drives that was put together by several civil rights organizations
Twenty-fourth Amendment
Banned the payment of poll taxes as a condition for voting in federal elections
Freedom Summer
Moses's plan that recruited volunteers on university campuses in northern states that attending training classes in Ohio before going to Mississippi
Andrew Goodman
A white college student from New York that disappeared in Mississippi
James Chaney
A CORE worker that disappeared in Mississippi and his body was discovered six weeks later
Michael Schwerner
A CORE worker that disappeared in Mississippi and his body was discovered six weeks later
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Group that sent its own delegates to the Democratic National Convention in 1964 to protest discrimination against black voters in Mississippi
Fannie Lou Hamer
An African American MFDP delegate who lost her job and her house when she registered to vote in 1962
Voting Rights Act
Put the entire registration process under federal control
James Farmer
CORE director
Nation of Islam
Black Muslims; black nationalist religious group founded by Wallace D. Fard in 1930
Elijah Muhammad
Became the leader of the Nation of Islam and preached about black nationalism
Malcolm X
A charismatic young minister that helped the growth of the Nation of Islam during the 1950s
Stokely Charmichael
Part of the SNCC who sent out a great message that inspired many people
Black Power
A movement that called for black separatism
Bobby Seale
Worked at an antipoverty center in California and created the Black Panther Party
Huey Newton
Worked at an antipoverty center in California and created the Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party
A political organization that called for land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, and peace for African Americans
Kerner Commission
A group appointed by President Johnson to investigate the violence that broke out in cities
Poor People's Campaign
A march on Washington, D.C. to protest a misuse of government spending led by King
Ralph Abernathy
Part of the Poor People's Campaign who was determined to continue King's work
Busing
Sending children to schools outside of their neighborhoods
Affirmative Action
Programs that gave preference to ethnic minorities and women in admission and hiring
University of California v. Bakke
Supreme Court decision that established that while some forms of affirmative action were legal, quota systems were not
Allan Bakke
Unfairly denied admission to medical school on the basis of quotas
Quotas
System of reserving a fixed number of openings in schools or jobs for certain groups of people
Carl Stokes
First African American to be elected major of a major US city
National Black Political Convention
Meeting of civil rights activists to ensure that African Americans would continue to gain political influence