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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Federal System
The sharing of power between the central and state governments
Reserved Powers
Powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept be the states
Congurent Powers
Powers shared by the state and federal governments
Grants-in-Aid
Money awarded to the states by the feral government
Apportioned
Divide among districts
Line-item-veto
To veto only a specific part of a bill
Commute
To reduce a criminals sentence
Parole
To grant a prisoner and early release from prison, w/ certin restrictions
Magistrate Court
Police courts generally located in larger towns, may handel traffic violations, civil cases involving small amounts of money, etc.
Incorporated
To receive a stat charter, officially recongnizing the government of a locality
Home-rule
Allows citiesto write their own charters, choose their own types of government and manage their own affaires
Metropolitan-area
A large city and it surrounding suburbs
County
Normally the largest territorial and political subdivison of a state
County-seat
A town where the ocunty courthouse is located
Town
Political unit that is larger than a village and smaller than a city
Town-meeting
A gathering of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues
Infrastructure
A community's system of roads, bridges, water, and sewers
Charter-schools
Schools that receive state funding, but are excussed from meeting many public schools regulations
Tution-voucher
Program providing subsides for education payments, allowing families the option of sending students to private schools
Solid-waste
The technical name for garbage
Revenue
The income that a government collects for public use
Budget
A plan for making and spending money
Budget-resolution
Congressional document that shows the total spending and revenues for a year and how much will be spent in various categories