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12 Cards in this Set

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When was the Renaissance and what does it mean?
1300 - 1500 FRENCH for REBIRTH because people had renewed THIRST FOR KNOWLEDGE.
What did people study during the Renaissance?
The CLASSICAL texts of GREECE & ROME (like BLS!) and the SCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY, MEDICAL books of MUSLIMS.
Who was Gutenberg?
German goldsmith who invented the PRINTING PRESS in 1454.
How did the printing press change the European world?
It made KNOWLEDGE accessible to EVERYONE.
How did Venice and Genoa finance their growing trade with the East and revolutionize the way business was done?
JOINT STOCK COMPANIES where several people could POOL THEIR MONEY to create enough CAPITAL for the trips.
What started the rivalry for sea routes to the East?
OTHER COUNTRIES wanted to BREAK THE ITALIAN MONOPOLY over trade; land routes already dominated by Italians.
How did Portugal become the leader in sea exploration?
PRINCE HENRY THE NAVIGATOR built POWERFUL NAVY, INSTITUTE OF SEA had best MAPS, new ship CARAVEL.
Why did Prince Henry the Navigator want to find a sea route to the East?
TRADE and BRING CHRISTIANITY TO THE EAST.
Why did Portugal increase its slave trade so dramatically in the 1440's.
They needed masses of UNSKILLED LABOR to work on Portuguese SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
How did the Portuguese transform slavery?
They only used the slaves' BRUTE LABOR; came to see slaves as INFERIOR, discouraged idea of slaves developing their skills and talents. DISRESPECT FOR WHOLE RACIAL GROUP = RACISM.
Who was Bartolomeu Dias?
In 1487 sailed around TIP OF AFRICA, king named it CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
Who was Vasco da Gama?
Established the FIRST ALL-WATER-ROUTE-TO-ASIA. (Had the nelp of Muslim pilot Abu Majid when he reached east coast of Africa.)Landed in Calcutta, India.