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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomical position
Victim is standing erect, arms down to the sides, facing you. Right and left refers to victim's right and left
Supine position
Victim is lying face up (on back)
Prone position
Victim lying face down (on stomach)
Lateral recumbent position
Victim lying on side. AKA recovery or coma position.
Above or higher than a point of reference
Below or lower than a point of reference
toward the front
Toward the back
Toward the midline or center of the body (line down front of person splitting into right and left)
away from midline
Near the point you are referring to (usually trunk)
Far away from the point you are referring to
near the surface
remote from surface
Six Body cavities
What does the thoracic cavity contain?
Heart, trachea, lungs, large vessels and espophagus
What does the pericardial cavity contain?
The tough fibrous covering that surrounds the heart
What does the abdominal cavity contain?
Liver, spleen, gallbladder, small and large intestine, pancreas, appendix and stomach
What does the pelvic cavity contain?
reproductive organs, urinary bladder, urethra, rectum
Is respiration voluntary
Which muscles contract during inhalation?
Diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Which muscles relax during exhalation?
Diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Respiratory arrest
body stops breathing
Airway components of the respiration system?
Nose, mouth
pharynx, larynx, and trachea
lungs - bronchi, bronchioles and aveoli
What are aveoli?
Little sacks where oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange occurs.
Resting breath rate per minute for an adult?
12-20 rpm
Resting breath rate per minute for a child?
15-30 rpm
Resting breath rate per minute for an infant?
25-50 rpm
What are some breathing difficulties (distress)?
Airway obstructions
injuries to the chest
illness (pneumonia)
What are some symptoms of respiratory distress?
Noisy breathing, gasping or choking
could be conscious or unconscious
excited, anxious
may be cyanotic
What are the 5 components of the circulatory system?
Posterior Tibial
Where would you find the radial pulse?
Thumbside of wrist
Where would you find the brachial pulse?
Upper arm, across elbow (used for infant)
Where would you find the Femoral pulse?
Upper leg/hip
Where would you find the Posterior Tibial pulse?
Behind the ankle bone
Where would you find the carotid pulse?
Neck (used for adults)
What is the function of the pulmonary system?
To supply blood with oxygen at the aveoli in lungs and explel waste (carbon dioxide)
Arteries vs. Veins
Arteries come from the heart and veins go to the heart
Blood cycle
R Atrium to R ventricle to lungs to L Atrium to L Ventricle to Body to R Atrium
What is shock?
When body can't compensate from loss of blood or when blood vessels are blocked (heart attack)
What is the average heart beat per minute for an adult?
60-100 bpm
What is the average heart beat per minute for a child ?
60-150 bpm
What is the average heart beat per minute for an infant?
120-150 bpm
What is homeostatis?
A balanced state within the body necessary for effective functioning
What does the central nervous system consist of?
Brian, spinal cord
What does the peripheral nervous system consist of?
Structures of the nervous sytem like nerve endings that lie outside the brain and spinal cord
What are the functional divisions of the nervous system?
Voluntary and autonomic
What does the autonomic nervous system consist of?
Sympathetic nervous system (fight or flight) and paraympathetic nervous system (what brings you back to normal)
What are the three parts of the muscular system?
Skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle
What is smooth muscle?
The muscle where there is little or no conscious control
What are the 5 parts of the skeletal system?
Spinal Column
Lower extremeties
Sprains vs Strains
Sprain ligaments, strain muscles and tendons.
What attaches to the bone?
What are the 6 types of joints?
Ball and socket joint
Hinge Joint
Pivot Joint
Gliding Joint
Saddle Joint
Condyloid Joint
Example of a Hinge joint?
one way hinge movement

knee, elbos, fingers
Example of a ball and socket joint?
permits widest range of motion

shoulder, hip
Example of a pivot joint?
C1 C2 vertebrae of neck, twisting of wrist
Example of a Gliding joint?
permits gliding motion

8 bones of wrist
Example of a Saddle Joint?
permits up and down and side to side movement

Example of a Condyloid Joint?
modified ball and socket joint

base of finger
Function of the integumentary system?
protects internal organs from injury
prevents dehydration
regulates body temp
vitamin D production
protects against mircroorganisms
Where are the cells that give the skin its color?
Where are the cells that contain the vast network of blood vessels of the integumentary system?
Purpose of the gastrointestinal system?
Ingest and carry food
Digest food
Absorb nutrients
Eliminates wastes
Where are nutrients mainly abosorbed?
Small intestine
Where is alcohol absorbed?
The stomach, one of the few things that is
What lymphocytes?
White blood cells that fight infection
What are common vaccines?
Pertussis (whooping cough)
Rubella (MMR)
Hep B
What are the endocrine glands?
ductless glands that regulate the body by secreting horomones
What glands are in the endocrine system?
pituitary glands
How many ureters does a person have?
What is a sign of injury to the kidney?
Dark or brown urine
What is a sign of injury to the bladder
Urine that is more red in color