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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Specific powers provided to the national government in the U.S. Constitution are called ____________ powers.
Federalism that limits national government power by creating two sovereigns—the national government and state governments—is called: .
dual federalism
For three-quarters of American history, ____________ has/have done most of the fundamental governing.
state governments
If the Constitution had created a unitary system
the Civil War would have occurred sooner.
In contrast to the 'dual federalism' that defined America until the 1930s, since the New Deal, ____________ federalism has prevailed.
Most of the rules and regulations Americans face in their daily lives are set by
state and local governments.
Programs that are primarily for the benefit of the poor are called ____________ programs.
Regulations or new conditions for receiving grants that impose costs on state and local governments for which they are not reimbursed by the national government is the definition of
unfunded mandates.
States' rights advocates argue that
they do not have to submit to national laws when they believe the national government exceeds it authority.
The "New Federalism" was begun by President Nixon in the:
The division of powers and functions between the national government and state governments is the definition of:
The first and most important case favoring national power over the economy was
McCulloch v. Maryland.
The New Deal of the 1930s signaled the rise of
a more active national government
What is a grant-in-aid
Money appropriated by the national Congress to state and local governments
What is a major problem for federalism?
accountability versus flexibility
When President ____________ took office in 1932, he energetically threw the federal government into the business of fighting the Great Depression.
Franklin Roosevelt
When the federal government takes over areas of regulation formerly overseen by state and local governments, the process is called____________.
Which provision allows cities a guarantee of noninterference in various local affairs by state governments?
Home rule
Especially since the New Deal in the 1930s, ____________ has/have played a much more prominent role in protecting liberty and promoting equality.
the national government
block grants
federal grants-in-aid that allow states considerable discretion in how the funds should be spent
categorical grants
congressional grants given to states and localities on the condition that expenditures be limited to a problem or group specified by the law
commerce clause
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which delegates to Congress the power "to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States and with the Indian tribes." This clause was interpreted by the Supreme Court in favor of national power over the economy
concurrent powers
authority possessed by both state and national governments, such as the power to levy taxes
cooperative federalism
a type of federalism existing since the New Deal era in which grants-in-aid have been used strategically to encourage states and localities (without commanding them) to pursue nationally defined goals. Also known as intergovernmental cooperation
a policy to remove a program from one level of government by delegating it or passing it down to a lower level of government, such as from the national government to the state and local governments
dual federalism
the system of government that prevailed in the United States from 1789 to 1937, in which most fundamental governmental powers were shared between the federal and state governments
expressed powers
specific powers granted to Congress under Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution
federal system
a system of government in which the national government shares power with lower levels of government, such as states
a system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution, between an central government and regional governments
formula grants
grants-in-aid in which a formula is used to determine the amount of federal funds a state or local government will receive
full faith and credit clause
provision from Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, requiring that the states normally honor the public acts and judicial decisions that take place in another state
general revenue sharing
the process by which one unit of government yields a portion of its tax income to another unit of government, according to an established formula. Revenue sharing typically involves the national government providing money to state governments
programs through which Congress provides money to state and local governments on the condition that the funds be employed for purposes defined by the federal government
home rule
power delegated by the state to a local unit of government to manage its own affairs