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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
West's most infulential civiliazation
Agean
Hellens, known by this name because of the Romans
Greeks
Cretes great buildings were
palaces for merchent-princes rulers whos major interest was trade.
Minoan civilaztion was forgotten until these ruins were discovered
Knossos
What did Knossos have inside
300 rooms around its courtyard, reception halls, ceremonial staircases, workshopsm warehousesm and well enginered ventilation, drainage, and sewage systems.
What funded Minoan civilization?
Seafaring, Egypt needed wood and olive oil. (all purpose lubricant, fuel, and the cheif source of fat in the ancient world's grain based diet)
What culture was greatly influenced by Egypt?
Minoan Culture
Minoan invented two kinds of writtings what are they?
Linear A and Linear B, might of been inspired by Heiroglyphics, adapted by the greeks, written on clay tablets
Language was derived from what?
Semetic Tongue
Knossos had no fear of what?
Invasion the walls were not fortified.
What did trade support?
Aristocrats and allowed building of comfortable homes.
What decorated walls of homes palaces? What did the art depict?
Frescoes, real life art, (plants, people, animals)
Were they war-like people? What religious ceremonies did they have?
No, traders, and they had human sacrafices, and bull fights.
How were the men and woman dressed?
Men were athletic and wore kilts, womanm wore long skirts.
Bulls represent
male fertility
Built what during middle minoan period.
Palaces
What age did they live in?
Bronze age
Late minoan period this happened.
Widespread Destruction, were attacked from mainland warriors.
Edward Spencer Sociologist
Survival of the Fittest
Philosophy
Love of Wisdom
Mycenaens
Greeks first civilization
War like society
Art Weapons and Trade
Fell from Sea people
Modeled after Minoan Civilization
Nomadic Herders
no maritime experience no word for sea
Hellenic
Greeks classical civilization
Homers Illiad states this dude was leader
Agamenmon
Greek ancestors
part of migration for the indoeuropean languages
Theseus and Minotaur
adventures of prince from Athens who was sent to Crete as Human tribute, Labrynth, Minotaur.
A party when all the men get together and bring whores
Symposium
High price prostitutes
Hirataei
View on woman
Only used for children
Greece known for
Rational Thought and Democracy demo - cratia "power to the people"
Great thinkers
One person asks questions so do others
A party when all the men get together and bring whores
Symposium
High price prostitutes
Hirataei
View on woman
Only used for children
Greece known for
Rational Thought and Democracy demo - cratia "power to the people"
Great thinkers
One person asks questions so do others
Homer
Illiad & Odysseus
Trojan War
Dark Ages
Literature stops
trade stops
Building stops
Polis
City state
Greece land
surrounded by moutain range, a bunch of city states
Tholio
Valved masony chamber for noble dead
Hoplite
foot soldiers "hoplos" - sheild wood
war lead to democracy
Archaic Period
building of polis, people start to leave Greece, and make independet colate, went to Ionia, Leads to battle of Maron.
Hesoid
Works and Days and Theography
Modern Citizen
Works and Days justice is common sense
contradicts
phalynx
formation rectangular, tight compact, only front attacks
Aristocracy
was the rule of the land, woman were baby bearares
Sparta
Program of Social Engeneering
Amount of slaves caused them to be fulltime soldiers
Lycargos invented
Training began at birth
Kleros
a peice of land given to each boy
Woman in spartan society
had freedom and responsibilty
well fed, and didnt produce till 18
Sussition
Barracks as a member of a 15 man mess unit
Sparta had a mix constitution
aspects of different plitical views
Sparta goverment
Gerouisa 60 year olds
set policies from 5 executives called Ephors
Athens and its goverment
Aristocracy "Rule of the Best"
comitte of aristocrats
Citizens had to earn a living
oligarchy
goverment ruled by rich and well born
Tyranny
"ruled by a ruler seizes power"
Draco
Dracconian "extreme severe" harsh punishment for minor offenses
Sparta goverment
Gerouisa 60 year olds
set policies from 5 executives called Ephors
Athens and its goverment
Aristocracy "Rule of the Best"
comitte of aristocrats
Citizens had to earn a living
oligarchy
goverment ruled by rich and well born
Tyranny
"ruled by a ruler seizes power"
Draco
Dracconian "extreme severe" harsh punishment for minor offenses