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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Absence or cessation of breathing
apnea
irregular heart rhythm
arrhythmia
pulse that feels full because of increased power or cardiac contractions or as a result of increased blood volume.
bounding pulse
A slow heartbeat; a pulse below 60 beats per minute
bradycardia
A waxy secretion in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax.
cerumen
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; a progressive and irreversable lung condition that results in diminished lung capcity.
COPD
Patterns of activity or behavior that follow day-night cycles.
diurnal rhythm
Difficult or painful breathing.
dyspnea
Pulse with regular alterations of weak and strong beats without changes in cycle.
elastic pulse
Elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension.
essential hypertension
pertaining to an elevated body temperature
febrile
internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors.
homeostasis
Excess of fats or lipids in the blood plasma.
hyperlipidemia
Increase in the depth of breathing
hyperpnea
High blood pressure (systolic pressure consistently above 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 90 mm Hg).
hypertension
Pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped
intermittent pulse
Pulse that varies in force and frequency.
irregular pulse
Individual must sit or stand to breathe comfortably.
orthopnea
Temporary fall in blood puressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position.
orthostatic (postural) hypotension
Inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal.
otitis externa
The radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality.
pulse deficit
Difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressures (less than 30 points or more than 50 points is considered normal).
pulse pressure
Abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration.
rales
Fever in which temperature fluctuates greatly but never falls to the normal level.
remittent fever
Abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms.
rhonchi
Elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition.
secondary hypertension
Irregular heartbeat originating in the sinoatrial node(pacemaker)
sinus arrhythmia
Instrument that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air.
spirometer
Fainting; a brief lapse in consciouness
syncope
rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 beats per minute
tachycardia
Pulse that is scarcely perceptible
thready pulse
Pulse in which the beats vary in intensity.
unequal pulse
Dizziness
vertigo
Blood pressure that is below 90 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg.
Hypotension
Abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension.
hyperventilation