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47 Cards in this Set

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Rapid and uncontrolled growth made American cities places of both exciting opportunity and severe social problems. True or False?
TRUE
After 1880, most immigrants to America came from northern and western Europe. True or False?
FALSE
Most of the New Immigrants who arrived in America were escaping from the slums and poverty of European cities. True or False?
FALSE
Female social workers established settlement houses to aid struggling immigrants and promote social reform. True or False?
TRUE
Many native-born Americans considered the New Immigrants a threat to American democracy and Anglo-Saxon purity. True or False?
TRUE
Two religions that gained strength in the United States from the New Immigrants were Roman Catholicism and Judaism. True or False?
TRUE
The growth of Darwinian science contributed to the turn towards religious belief in the late nineteenth century. True or False?
TRUE
In the late nineteenth century, secondary (high school) education was increasingly carried on by private schools. True or False?
FALSE
Booker T. Washington believed that blacks should try to achieve social equality with whites but not economic equality. True or False?
FALSE
American higher education depended on both public "land-grant" funding and private donations for its financial support. True or False?
TRUE
ACE Practice Test Assessment
The American Pageant: A History of the Republic , Twelfth Edition
Chapter 25 : America Moves to the City, 1865-1900

Summary: 33%
10 correct out of the 30 marked for grading.

1. Rapid and uncontrolled growth made American cities places of both exciting opportunity and severe social problems.

Correct

A. True

B. False




2. After 1880, most immigrants to America came from northern and western Europe.

Incorrect

A. True
Correct

B. False




3. Most of the New Immigrants who arrived in America were escaping from the slums and poverty of European cities.

Incorrect

A. True
Correct

B. False




4. Female social workers established settlement houses to aid struggling immigrants and promote social reform.

Correct

A. True
Incorrect

B. False




5. Many native-born Americans considered the New Immigrants a threat to American democracy and Anglo-Saxon purity.

Correct

A. True
Incorrect

B. False




6. Two religions that gained strength in the United States from the New Immigrants were Roman Catholicism and Judaism.

Correct

A. True
Incorrect

B. False




7. The growth of Darwinian science contributed to the turn towards religious belief in the late nineteenth century.

Incorrect

A. True
Correct

B. False




8. In the late nineteenth century, secondary (high school) education was increasingly carried on by private schools.

Incorrect

A. True
Correct

B. False




9. Booker T. Washington believed that blacks should try to achieve social equality with whites but not economic equality.


A. True
Correct

B. False




10. American higher education depended on both public "land-grant" funding and private donations for its financial support.

Correct

A. True
Incorrect

B. False




11. Urban newspapers often promoted a sensational "yellow journalism" that emphasized sex and scandal rather that politics or social reform. True or False?
TRUE
Post-Civil War writers like Mark Twain and William Dean Howells turned from social realism toward fantasy and science fiction in their novels. True or False?
FALSE
There was growing tension in the late nineteenth century between women's traditionally defined "sphere" of family and home and the social and cultural changes of the era. True or False?
TRUE
The new urban environment generally weakened the family but offered new opportunities for women to achieve social and economic independence. True or False?
TRUE
Voices like Victoria Woodhull, Kate Chopin, and Charlotte Perkins Gilman signaled women's growing dissatisfaction with Victorian ideas about sex and gender roles. True or False?
TRUE
The new cities' glittering consumer economy was symbolized especially by the rise of

A. separate districts for retail merchants.

B. fine restaurants and food shops.

C. large, elegant department stores.

D. large, carefully constructed urban parks.
C. large, elegant department stores.
One of the most difficult new problems generated by the rise of cities and the urban American life-style was

A. dealing with horses and other animals in crowded urban settings.

B. developing means of communication in densely populated city centers.

C. disposing of large quantities of consumer-generated waste material.

D. finding effective methods of high-rise construction for limited urban space.
C. disposing of large quantities of consumer-generated waste material.
Two new technical developments of the late nineteenth century that contributed to the spectacular growth of American cities were

A. the telegraph and the railroads.

B. the compressor and the internal combustion engine.

C. the electric trolley and the skyscraper.

D. the oil furnace and the air conditioner.
C. the electric trolley and the skyscraper.
Countries from which many of the "New Immigrants" came included

A. Sweden and Great Britain.

B. Germany and Ireland.

C. Poland and Italy.

D. China and Japan.
C. Poland and Italy.
Among the factors driving millions of European peasants from their homeland to America were

A. American food imports and religious persecution.

B. The rise of European nation-states and the decline of the Catholic Church.

C. the rise of communist and fascist regimes.

D. major international wars among the European great powers.
A. American food imports and religious persecution.
Besides providing direct services to immigrants, the reformers of Hull House worked for general goals like


A. the secret ballot and direct election of senators.

B. antisweatshop laws to protect women and child laborers.

C. social security and unemployment compensation.

D. conservation and federal aid to municipal governments.
B. antisweatshop laws to protect women and child laborers.
The one immigrant group that was totally banned from America after 1882 as a result of nativist agitation was the

A. Irish.

B. Greeks.

C. Africans.

D. Chinese.
D. Chinese.
Two religious groups that grew most dramatically because of the "New Immigration" were

A. Methodists and Baptists.

B. Christian Scientists and the Salvation Army.

C. Episcopalians and Unitarians.

D. Jews and Roman Catholics.
D. Jews and Roman Catholics.
The phrase "social Gospel" refers to

A. the fact that many people were turning to God seeking solutions to social conflicts.

B. the decline in traditional religious beliefs in the late nineteenth century.

C. the efforts of some Christian reformers to apply their religious beliefs to new social problems.

D. the conflict between socialists and traditional religious believers.
C. the efforts of some Christian reformers to apply their religious beliefs to new social problems.
Besides aiding immigrants and promoting social reforms, settlement houses like Jane Addams's Hull House demonstrated that

A. it was almost impossible to bring about real economic reform in the cities.

B. the cities offered new challenges and opportunities for women.

C. women could not bring about successful social change without the vote.

D. labor was unsympathetic to middle-class reform efforts.
B. the cities offered new challenges and opportunities for women.
Traditional American Protestant religion received a substantial blow from

A. the psychological ideas of William James.

B. the theological ideas of the Fundamentalists.

C. the chemical theories of Charles Eliot.

D. the biological ideas of Charles Darwin.
D. the biological ideas of Charles Darwin.
Unlike Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois advocated

A. economic opportunity for blacks.

B. integration and social equality for blacks.

C. practical as well as theoretical education for blacks.

D. that blacks remain in the South rather than move north.
B. integration and social equality for blacks.
In the late nineteenth century, American colleges and universities benefited especially from

A. federal and state "land-grant" assistance and the private philanthropy of wealthy donors.

B. the growing involvement of the churches in higher education.

C. the fact that a college degree was becoming a prerequisite for employment in industry.

D. the growth of federal grants and loans to college students.
A. federal and state "land-grant" assistance and the private philanthropy of wealthy donors.
American social reformers like Henry George and Edward Bellamy advocated

A. utopian reforms to end poverty and eliminate class conflict.

B. an end to racial prejudice and segregation.

C. the resettlement of the urban poor on free western homesteads.

D. a transformation of the traditional family through communal living arrangements.
A. utopian reforms to end poverty and eliminate class conflict.
Authors like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and Jack London turned American literature toward a greater concern with

A. close observation and contemplation of nature.

B. postmodernism and deconstruction of traditional narratives.

C. fantasy and romance.

D. social realism and contemporary problems.
D. social realism and contemporary problems.
American higher education depended on both public "land-grant" funding and private donations for its financial support. True or False?
TRUE
Late-nineteenth-century Americans generally held to traditional ideas of sexual morality and the social role of women. True or False?
TRUE
The new urban environment generally weakened the family but offered new opportunities for women to achieve social and economic independence. True or False?
TRUE
Countries from which many of the "New Immigrants" came included

A. Sweden and Great Britain.

B. Germany and Ireland.

C. Poland and Italy.

D. China and Japan.
C. Poland and Italy.
Besides aiding immigrants and promoting social reforms, settlement houses like Jane Addams's hull House demonstrated that

A. it was almost impossible to bring about real economic reform in the cities.

B. the cities offered new challenges and opportunities for women.

C. women could not bring about successful social change without the vote.

D. labor was unsympathetic to middle-class reform efforts.
B. the cities offered new challenges and opportunities for women.
Authors like mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and Jack London turned American literature toward a greater concern with

A. close observation and contemplation of nature.

B. psychological investigations of the individual.

C. fantasy and history.

D. social realism and contemporary problems.
D. social realism and contemporary problems.
IDENTIFY: The settlement house in Chicago slums that became a model for women's involvement in urban social reform.
HULL HOUSE
IDENTIFY: The profession established by Jane Addams and others that opened new opportunities for women in the moern city.
SOCIAL WORK
IDENTIFY: Charlotte Perkins Gilman's book urging women to enter the work force and advocationg cooperative kitchens and child-care centers.
WOMEN AND ECONOMICS
IDENTIFY: Organization formed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and others to promote the vote for women.
NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMEN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION
JANE ADDAMS
Leading social reformer who lived with the poor in the slums and pioneered new forms of activism for women.
W. E. B. DU BOIS
Harvard-educated scholar and advocate of full black social and economic equality through the leadership of a "talented tenth".
WILLIAM JAMES
Harvard scholar who made original contributions to modern psychology and philosophy.
MARK TWAIN
Midwestern-born writer and lecturer who created a new style of American literature based on social realism and humor.
VICTORIA WOODHULL
Rdical feminist propagandist whose eloquent attacks on conventional social morality shocked many Americans in the 1870s.
ESSAY: In the late 19th century cities "grew up, out, and apart." Discuss 3 positive and 3 negative effects of such rapid urbanization.
Fill in.
ESSAY: about the role of women, immigration, etc.
Fill in.