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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Historians refer to the decades before 1914 as a period of
"international anarchy"
In -, - describes an event in England that temporarily brought the European nations together and marked the transition between the old and the new.
The Guns of Autumn; Barbara Tuchman
- kings rode in the funeral of Edward VI (in the bit from The Guns of Autumn)
As rivalries intensified in the earli 1900s, the great powers plunged toward war, pressed forward by 4 factors:
nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and the system of alliances
Germany and France had rivaled over territory in
This is the glorification of armed strength.
This means to organize resources for combat or for protection.
Bismarck formed the - in 1879, a mutual defense pact between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
Dual Alliance
He later set up the -, a secret agreement among -, -, and -.
Three Emperors' League; Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary
- was a pact among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. - requested it originally.
Triple Alliance; Italy
A - crisis, sparked by - nationalism in - (a - province in the - region) resulted in the dussolution of the Three Emperors' League.
Balkan; Bulgarian; Eastern Rumelia; Turkish; Balkan
The - of 1887 provided neutrality in case either Russia or Germany became involved in a defensive war.
Reinsurance Treaty
- dissolved Bismarck of his duties.
William II
Germany entered the race for colonies with full force, demanding its "-."
"place in the sun"
- is a friendly understanding or agreement between nations.
- and the - reached an entente over Morocco and Egypt.
Great Britain; France
The British Navy launched the - that featured heavy armor plating and batteries of big guns. (caption p.641)
-, -, and - signed the Triple Entente.
Great Britain, France, and Russia
The alliance system divided Europe into - armed camps.
The Balkan region was known as the "- of Europe."
powder keg
Nationalists in - wanted the provinces of - and - because their country was landlocked and the two regions would provide an outlet on the - Sea.
Serbia; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Adriatic
The Congress of Berlin made the two territories protectorates of -.
- was the nationalist movement that pressed for the political and cultural unity of all Slavs under Russian leadership.
- was the main route to India for -.
Suez Canal; Britain
Germany uplanned to build a railroad from - through the Balkans to - and on to -, near the Persian Gulf.
Berlin; Constantinople, Baghdad
The railroad would diminish -'s chances of securing its access to the Mediterranean through the -.
Russia; Dardanelles
- and his wife were killed in -, the capital of -. The assassin was named -, and he belonged to the secret society of Serbian nationalists opposed to Austro-Hungarian rule.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand; Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Gavrilo Princip, Black Hand
Encouraged by the so-called -, the Austro-Hungarians presented an - to the Serbian government, which puts forth the terms offered for a settlement.
blank check; ultimatum
The ultimatum made 5 demands:
(1) The Serbian government would condemn all propaganda against Austria-Hungary and suppress publications and societies that opposed Austria-Hungary. (2) Serbia would ban from its schools books and teachers who did not favor Austria-Hungary. (3) Serbia would dismiss any officials who had promoted propaganda against Austria-Hungary. (4) Austro-Hungarian judges would conduct the trial of those accused of the crime at Sarajevo. (5) Serbia had to accept all these terms within 48 hours or Austria-Hungary would declare war.
Serbia agreed to all but - of the terms. They were - (numbers).
2; 4 and 5
The dispute over the ultimatum took, place at -.
The Hague
Germany demand that Russia stop mobilization within - hours. They didn't, and Germany declared war.
Germany declared war on - two days later.
- was guaranteed -, shortly after it had been rewarded independence.
Belguim; neutrality
These are warring nations.
The - counted on the German army to knock France out of war before the Russians could advance from the -.
German General Staff
Great Britain would not fight over "-."
"a scrap of paper"
"-" - the kaiser's message
"You will be home before the leaves have fallen off from the trees."
Within - weeks of Francis Ferdinand's assassination, - had entered the war on the side of Great Britain and France.
six; Japan
All the nations of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente except - were at war.
Turkish control of Constantinople and the Dardanelles bottled up Russia's - fleet.
Black Sea