• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a Prokaryote?
A single cell-organism with no nucleus
What is a Spirilla?
One of a bacteria shape, shaped like a spiral.
What is a Photoautotroph?
Organisms that can use sunlight or inorganic materials to produce energy
What is Conjugation?
The existence of linked species, one to another.
What is a Virus?
A nonliving organism that reproduces only be finding a host can either be Lytic or Lysogenic.
What is the Lytic Cycle?
Is where the virus imports its DNA into the cell and hijacks the nucleus and synthesizes its materials into it making it produce more of the virus until the cell itself burst then the cycle repeats.
What is a Retrovirus?
Any kind of virus that implicates its DNA into the host cell to reproduce.
What is Antibiotic?
A medicine used to treat bacterial infections
What is a Bacilli?
A rod shape bacteria
What is a Chemoheterotroph?
A organism that uses chemical and oxygen to produce energy
What is a chemoautotroph?
Makes energy by inorganic materials
What is a endospore?
Is a thick-coated, resistant cell
What is a Capsid?
Materials on top of a Virus that tricks other host cell in believing its their own cell
What is a Lysogenic Cyle?
A virus cycle in which the virus injects its DNA into the nucleus DNA and when the DNA does mytosis its DNA is replicated and will enter the Lytic cycle if a small change happens.
What is a pathogen?
Any disease caused from a bacteria or virus
What is Binary Fission?
A process in which bacteria replicates its self (clone)
What is a cocci?
A cork-screwed shaped bacteria
What is a Photogeterotroph?
An organism that requires both oxygen and light to produce energy
What is Nitrogen Fixation?
Only bacteria can do this, reverting the nitrogen in the atmosphere into an nitrogen that plants can used to produce energy
What is Bacteriophage?
A virus that infects bacteria
What is a Prophage?
A genetic material inside a bacteria
What is a Vaccine?
A small dose of killed or small amount of virus that is used for the immune system to recognize and produce antibodies to destroy it if it is recognized.