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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
location
the place where something is found
mountain range
a large group of mountains
continents
the large land areas of the earth, such as Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica, Europe, North America and South America
globe
a model of the earth
hemisphere
half of the globe when it is divided into either northern or southern halves or eastern or western halves
equator
imaginary line that is halfway between the north pole and the south pole
map
a picture that shows the location of things
nation
an area of land with its own people and laws, also called a country
border
a line on a map that shows where a state or nation ends
map title
tells what the map is about
map key
also called the legend, tells the meanings of the symbols used on a map
distance scale
a map feature used to measure the distance between two places; it tells what the distance on the map equals on the real earth
compass rose
the drawing on a map that shows N,S, E, and W, which stands for North, south, east adn west.
cardinal directions
the four main directions, north, south, east and west
President
the leader of the United States
population
the number of people living in a place.
capital city
a city in which government leaders meet and work
suburb
a small community that is close to a city
rural
the countryside, away from cities adn large towns
history
the story of what has happened in a place
pioneer
a person who helps settle a new land
ancestor
someone in a person's family who lived long ago, such as a great-great-grandparent
founder
a person who starts something, such as a business or settlement
settlement
a small village built by the first people to live in a new place
time line
a drawing that shows when and in what order events took place
sequence
time order, the order in which events took place
primary sources
records made by people who saw or took part in an event, such as a newspaper story, journal, picture or painting
secondary source
record that was written by someone who was not present when the event took place