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76 Cards in this Set

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Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-centesis
Amniocentisis is puncture of the amnion for removing fluid for study or administering treatment to the fetus.
Excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
-ectomy
Appendectomy is excision of the appendix
Process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
-lysis
This suffix is also used in nonsurgical words o mean destruction or dissolving, as in the word hemolysis
Surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-pexy
Mastopexy is plastic surgery that fastens breasts in a fixed position to correct sagging.
Surgical repair
-plasty
Plastic is derived from thesame word toor as -plasty. Plastic surgery repairs, restores, and reconstructs body structures. Mammoplasty is plastic surgery of the breast and is done for a variety of reasons.
Suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-rrhaphy
This suffix is not gernerally used in everyday language.
Visual examination with a lighted instrument (this is not always a surgical procedure)
-scopy
Microscopy is visual examination of very small objects with a magnifying instrument (microscope). The suffix -scope means the instrument.
Formation of an opening
-stomy
A tracheostomy is an operationthat forms a new opening into the trachea (windpipe).
An instrument used for cutting
-tome
mocrotome is an instrument used for cutting this sections of tissue for microscope study.
Incision (cutting into tissue)
-tomy
A tracheotomy is an incision of the trachea through the skin and muscles in the neck that overlie the trachea (windpipe).
Surgical Crushing
-tripsy
Lithotripsy is surgical crushing of a stone in the bladder.
Gland
aden/o
Adenoids were so named because they resembled or were thought to be glands.
Vessel
angi/o
An angiogram is an x-ray film of blood vessels filled with a contrast medium.
Appendix
append/o,
appendic/o
An appendectomy is excision of the appendix.
Eyelid
blephar/o
Blepharoptosis is the dropping of the upper eyelid.
Heart
cardi/o
A cardiac arrest is a heart attack.
Brain
cerebr/o,
encephal/o

(cerebr/o sometimes means cerebrum, the main portion of the brain)
Cerebral palsy is paralysis caused by a brain defect. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
Hand
chir/o
Writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm.
Colon or large intestine
col/o
Coloscopy is visual examination of the colon.
Skin
cutane/o,
derm/a,
dermat/o
Cutaneous means pertaining to the skin. A dermatologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the skin.
Face
faci/o
Facial pertains to the face.
Breast
mamm/o,
mast/o
Mammography is the use of x-rays to diagnose breast diseases. Mastectomy is surgical removal of the breast.
Nerve
neur/o
A neurosurgeon performs surgery on the nerves and nervou system. A neurotic is affected with a neurosis, a type of nervous disorder.
Eye
ophthalm/o
An opthalmologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the eye.
Bone
oste/o
A common type of arthritis of older persons is osteoarthritis, which involves both bones and joints.
Ear
ot/o
Otiti is inflammation of the tonsils.
Tonsil
tonsill/o
Tonsilitis is inflammation of the tonsils.
Trachea (windpipe)
trache/o
A tracheostomy is an operation that forms a new opening into the trachea.
Vessel; ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicle)
vas/o
Vascular pertains to blood vessels. (Vascular is derived from a latin word that means small vessel.)
Pain
-algia,
-dynia
Neuralgia is pain along the course of a nerve.
Hernia (protusion of all or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that contains it)
-cele
An encephalocele is a hernia of the brain through an opening in the skull.
Dilation (dilation, enlargement) or stretching of a structure or part
-ectasia,
-ectasis
Angiectasis means dilation of a blood or lymph vessel.
Swelling
-edema
Edema is a word that means the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues; it is usually applied to an accumulation of excessive fluid in teh subcutaneous tissues, resulting in swelling.
Vomitting
-emesis
Emesis is a word that means vomitting.
Condition of the blood
-emia
Bacteremia is the presence of bacteria in the blood.
Condition
-ia,
-iasis
Hysteria is a condition so named because long ago hysterical women were thought to suffer from a disturbed condition of the uterus (hyster/o). Psoriasis is diseased condition of the skin marked by itchy lesions (from the Greek psora, which means itch).
Inflammation
-itis
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.
Stone or calculus
-lith
Another name for a gallstone is cholelith.
Soft, softening
-malacia
Osteomalacia is softening of the bones.
Excessive preoccupation
-mania
In kleptomania, an excessive preoccupation leads to stealing on impulse.
Enlargement
-megaly
You may be more familur with mega-. Both mega- and megal- mean large, as in megalopolis, a large city, and megaton, a large explosive force.
Resembling
-oid
(forms adjectives and nouns)
Mucoid means similar to or resembling mucus. Paranoid means resembling paranoia, a psychotic disorder characterized by delusions or persecution.
Tumor
-oma
Carcinoma is cancer, or a cancerous tumor.
Condition (often an abnormal condition; sometimes, an increase)
-osis
Neurosis is a nervous condition (disorder) that is not caused by a demonstrable structual change.
Disease
-pathy
The suffix -pathy is derived from the same source as many words that contain path/o-for example, pathogenic organisms can cause disease.
Deficiency
-penia
Calcipenia means a deficiency of calcium
Abnormal fear
-phobia
Hydrophobia is another term for rabies, a viral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected animal. It was given the name hydrophobia after it waw observed that stricken animals avoided water, as though they had a fear of it. Actually, rabid animals avoid water because they cannot swallow as a result of the paralysis caused by the virus.
Prolapse (sagging)
-ptosis
Ptosis means sagging. It also refers to drooping or sagging eyelids.
Excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-rrhage,
-rrhagia
Hemmorrhage is abnormal internal or external bleeding.
Flow or discharge
-rrhea
A urethral or vaginal discharge is a primary feature of gonorrhea.
Rupture
-rrhexis
Cardiorrhexis literally means ruptured heart. One might think of a lover's heart, but cardiorrhexis is a pathologic conditionin which the heart ruptures.
Twitching,
Cramp
-spasm
Spasm means involuntary and sudden movement or convulsive muscular contraction. When contractions are strong and painful, they are often called cramps.
Stopping,
Controlling
-stasis
Stasis means slowing or stopping.
Capable of,
Able to
-able,
-ible
(adjective) Preventable means capable of being prevented.
Pertaining to
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary,
-eal, -ic, -ive, -tic
(adjective) Cardiac, thermal, median, alveolr, salivary, peritoneal, ophthalmic, invasive, and nephrotic mean pertaining to the heart, heat, midle, alveoli, saliva, peritoneum, eye, invasion, and kidney, respectively.
Enzyme
-ase
(noun) Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose.
One who
-er,
-ist
(noun) A physical therapist is one who is skilled in physical therapy.
Membrane
-eum,
-ium
(noun) The peritoneum lines the abdominal cavity. The membrane that lines the heart is endocardium.
Condition or theory
-ia,
-ism
(noun) Synergism is a condition in which two agents, such as medications, produce a greater effect than the total effects of each agent alone.
One who suffers
-iac
(noun) A hemophiliac is one who suffers (is afflicted) with hemophilia.
One who studies; specialist
-logist
(noun) A neurologist is one who specializes in diseases of the nervous system.
Study or science of
-logy
Biology is the study of life forms.
Vision
-opia
(noun) Diplopia is double vision.
Sugar
-ose
(noun) Lactose is a sugar found in milk.
Pertaining to or characterized by
-ous
(adjective) Cancerous pertains to cancer.
State or condition
-y
(noun) Atrophy is a condition of wasting away of a cell, tissue, organ, or part.
Starch
amyl/o
Amylase is an enzyme that breaks down starch.
Sugar
glyc/o
In hypoglycemia the blood sugar level is too low.
Blood
hemat/o
Hematemesis si the vomitting of blood.
Milk
lact/o
Milk is secreted by a woman during lactation.
Fat
lip/o
Lipids are fats or fatlike substances.
Stone
lith/o
Lithology is the study of rocks.
Small
micro-
A microscope is an instrument used to view small (microscopic) objects.
Mucus
muc/o
Generally, mucuos membranes secrete mucus.
Protein
prote/o,
protein/o
Proteinuria is an excess of proteins in urine.
Fire
pyr/o
Pyromaniacs enjoy setting fires or seeing fires burn.