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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
information system (IS)
information system (IS) as one that collects,
processes, stores, analyzes, and disseminates information for a specific purpose
application program
computer program designed to
support a specific task or a business process (such as execute the payroll) or, in
some cases, another application program.
departmental information system,
collection of application programs in a single department
is usually considered a departmental information system, even though it is
made up of many applications.
enterprisewide information system
company is networked and people can communicate with each other and access
information throughout the organization
data
Data items refer to an elementary description of things, events, activities,
and transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored,
Information
Information is data that have been organized so that they have meaning
and value to the recipient.
knowledge
knowledge consists of data and/or information that have been
organized and processed to convey understanding, experience, accumulated
learning, and expertise as they apply to a current problem or activity
business service management
BSM is the concept if how to connect IT departments to the ultimate customer.
information infrastructure 58
Consists of the physical facilities, services, and management that supports all shared computing resources in an organization
IT architecture 58
High level map or plan of the information assets in an organization, including the physical design of the building that holds the hardware
business architecture 58
describes organizational plans, visions, objectives, and problems, and then information required to support them
business intelligence 50
Business intelligence refers to analysis performed by DSS, ESS, data mining, and intelligent systems (see Chapters 2, 11, and 12).
cloud computing 62
Internet based development and the use of Computer Technology. Cloud is a metaphor for the Internet. Users can access technology enabled services from Internet
dashboard 50
visual presentation of critical data.
data mining 51
computerized process of conducting searches in large amounts of data and information in an attempt to discover unknown relationships in the data.
data workers 54
All clerical workers who support managers at all levels use, manipulate, or disseminate information
database 41
Consists of stored data items organize for retrieval
electronic market (e-market) 59
Network of interactions and relationships over which information, products, services, and payments are exchanged.
Global Information System 48
interOrganizational information systems that connect companies will they did in two or more countries are referred to as global information systems
grid computing 61
Unused processing capabilities of all computers in a given network can be utilized to create powerful computing capabilities
knowledge workers 54
People who create information and knowledge as a part of the work and integrated into the business
Management IS 45
Support functional managers by providing them with periodic reports that includes summaries, comparisons, and other statistics .
Mobile Commerce 63
It is commerce in a wireless environments, such as through Wireless Devices
Personal information management 42
System that intends to support the activities we, as individuals, performed to ease our work or life, the acquisition, organization, maintenance, retrieval, and sharing of information.
Pervasive computing 63
We envision a situation in which computation becomes part of the environment.
Predictive analysis 65
Tools help to determine the probable future outcome for an event or liklihood of a situation occurring.
Radio frequency identification 57
A technology that uses to electronic tags or chips instead of barcodes two identified objects were items.
Service oriented architecture 60
It architectural concept that defines the use of services to support a variety of business needs. Basic idea: reuse and reconnect existing IT assets
Software as a service 60
Computer Resources are made available to the user when the resources are needed. Also known as SAAS, on demand computing, utility computing, or close to its services, the idea is basically the same: instead of buying and installing expensive packets enterprise applications, the user to access applications over a network, with an Internet browser being the only absolute necessity
Transaction Processing System 44
Supports the monitoring collection and storage processing and dissemination of the organization's basic business transactions
Components of information infrastructure
Computer hardware
Software
Networks and communication facilities
Databases and data workers
Information management personnel
Web services
Software Systems designed to support machine to machine interactions over a network
Virtualization computing
Storage virtualization, network virtualization, hardware virtualization