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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Part 1 UCR crimes violent include:
Aggravated assault, forcible rape, murder, and robbery are classified as violent
Part 1 UCR crimes property include:
arson, burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft are classified as property crimes.
UCR part 2 crimes include:
simple assault, curfew offenses and loitering, embezzlement, forgery and counterfeiting, disorderly conduct, driving under the influence, drug offenses, fraud, gambling, liquor offenses, offenses against the family, prostitution, public drunkenness, runaways, sex offenses, stolen property, vandalism, vagrancy, and weapons offenses.
Dark Figure of Crime –
crime that is not reported to the police and that remains unknown to officials.
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
Data is collected on every incident and arrest in the Group A offense category. These Group A offenses are comprised of 46 specific crimes grouped in 22 offense categories. Specific facts about these offenses are gathered and reported in the NIBRS system. In addition to the Group A offenses, eleven Group B offenses are reported with only the arrest information.
Crime typology –
a classification of crimes along a particular dimension such as legal categories, offender motivation, victim behavior, or the characteristics of individual offenders.
% surveyed women said that they had been physically assaulted as a child or an adult.
Approximately how many women are physically assaulted in the US each year.
1.9 million
how many of women experienced a completed or attempted rape at some time in their lives.
In general, elderly are more likely than younger victims to:
Be victims of property crime
Face offenders who are armed with guns
Be victimized by strangers
Be victimized in or near their home during daylight hours
The elderly are targeted more by con artists.
Hate Crimes -
A criminal offense in which the motive is hatred, bias, or prejudice, based on the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation of another individual or group of individuals.
Corporate and White-Collar Crime -
a violation of a criminal statute by a corporate entity or by its executives, employees, or agents acting on behalf of and for the benefit of the corporation, partnership, or other form of business entity.
White-Collar crime –
violations of the criminal law committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his or her occupation. Also, nonviolent crime for financial gain utilizing deception and committed by anyone who has special technical and professional knowledge of business and government, irrespective of the person’s occupation.
Organized Crime -
The unlawful activities of the members of a highly organized, disciplined association engaged in supplying illegal goods and services, including gambling, prostitution, loan-sharking, narcotics, and labor racketeering and in other unlawful activities.
Transnational organized crime –
unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries.
Gun Crime -
In a typical year, 10,000 murders are committed in the US with firearms.
Constitution guarantees the right to bear arms -
2nd amandment
Drug Crime
Drug-law violations do not figure into Crime Index calculations

The increase in drug violations largely accounts for the continued growth in America’s prison population, even when official crime rates have been declining
Computer crime –
any crime perpetrated through the use of computer technology. Also, any violation of a federal or state computer-crime statute (also called cybercrime).

Problem with computer technology is jurisdiction.