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15 Cards in this Set

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an ionic compound containing cations and anions except for H+ and OH-
salt
salts have very important functions:
Na K-
Ca-
Fe-
Ca-
S-
I-
nerve impulse
muscle function
rbc formation
blood clotting
protein in muscle
thyroid hormones
How do buffers work?
When pH rises they release H+, when pH drops they bind H+
Insulin does what with glucose?
takes it to the cells
If there is no glucose what takes over?
glycogen
What is the basic structural material of the body?
protein
collagen-
keratin-
actin/myosin
enzymes
hemoglobin/lipoproteins
protein hormones/insulin
antibodies
plasma proteins
gives strength to bones/tendons
hair and nails
movement
catalysis
transport
metabolism
immunity
buffers
nucleic acids are composed of:
each nucleotide is composed of 3 parts:
C H O N P
N base, pentose sugar, phosphate group
DNA formula is:
Either Adenin, Guaine, Cytosine, Thymine + Deoxyribose + P
RNA formula is:
Either Adenine, Guaine, Cytosine, Uracil + Ribose + P
RNA is the ___ of the DNA and is located where and what is its function?
slave
outside the nucleus
carry out orders of the DNA
tendency for molecules to move from an area of high to low concentration
diffusion
diffusion of a solvent through a selectively permeable membrane
osmosis-trys to balance out
one solution has less solute on one side of membrane?
one solution has more solute?
hyposmotic
hyperosmotic
solutes inside cell=concentration of solutes outside?
hypo?
hyper?
isotonic
burst
shrink