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15 Cards in this Set

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EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

POLARITY OF WATER
THE OXYGEN END OF THE MOLECULE IS NEGATIVE, AND THE HYDROGEN END IS POSITIVE
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

IONIZATION
TEH SEPARATION OF A MOLECULE INTO IONS.
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

pH
MEASURES ACIDITY OR ALKALINITY
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

FUNCTIONAL GROUP
GROUP OF ATOMS THAT IDENTIFIES A COMPOUND

-COOH
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS
CHEMICAL REACTION WHERE A WATER MOLECULE ID RELEASED

GLUCOSE + FRUCTOSE = SUCROSE
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

MACROMOLECULE
LARGE ORGANIC MOLECULE

CARBOHYDRATE (SUGAR)
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS GIVING EXAMPLES WHERE RELEVANT:

PROTEIN DENATURATION
UNRAVEL AND LOSS OF CHARACTERISTIC OF A PROTEIN..NOT FUNCTIONAL
EXPLAIN WHY THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER ARE IMPORTANT TO LIVING CELLS.

-ITS HIGH BOILING POINT
-ITS ABILITY AS A SOLVENT
-ICE IS LESS DENSE THAN WATER
BOILING POINT - SEPARATE WATER MOLECULES..LIQUID ON EARTH

SOLVENT- DISSOVLE NUTRIENTS

ICE- INSULATING LAYER FOR LAKES THAT HARBOR ORGANISMS
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

MONOMER & POLYMER
MONOMER: ONE (AMINO ACIDS)

POLYMER: MANY (PROTEINS)
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

ORGANIC & INORGANIC
ORGANIC: LARGE COMPLEX (GLUCOSE)

INORGANIC: SMALL SIMPLE (WATER)
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

ACID & BASE
ACID: YEILDS H+ WHEN DISSOLVE IN WATER

BASE: DISSOCIATES INTO POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE (OH-)
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

HYDROPHOBIC & HYDROPHILIC
HYDROPHOBIC: WATER FEARING
(LIPIDS)

HYDROPHILIC: WATER LOVING
(CARBOHYDRATES)
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

SATURATED & UNSATURATED
SATURATED FAT: SOLID AT ROOM TEMP. (BUTTER)

UNSATURATED FAT: LIQUID AT ROOM TEMP (OIL)
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FOLLOWING PAIRS, WITH EXAMPLES:

LIPID & PHOSPHOLIPID
LIPID: GLYCEROL & 3 FATTY ACIDS

PHOSPHOLIPID: GLYCEROL, 2 FATTY ACIDS, & A PHOSPHATE GROUP
DESCRIBE FULLY 1 EXAMPLE OF HOW WATER PARTICIPATES AS A REACTANT IN BIOCHEMICAL REACTIONS IN LIVING CELLS.
IT BREAKS DOWN LARGE MOLECULE INTO SMALLER ONES IN THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS