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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
MESOPOTAMIA
Stephanie Ate Ugly Lizards
(Settled Agriculture in an Unstable Landscape)
1. plains between Tigris and Euphrates R.; little rain, floods, unpredictable river course
2. good soil, warm climate; 4000 BCE= plows, irrigation
3. crops/resources= barley, palms, veggies, reeds, fish, land for grazing; animals= cattle, donkeys, (2nd mil. BCE) camels/horses
4. earliest people= Sumerians (5000 BCE); next Akkadin (2000 BCE)= semetic speaking, dominated/intermarried Sumerians
MESOPOTAMIA
Cute Killer Tofu
(Cities, Kings, and Trade)
1. early society= agriculture; cities linked w/ mutual dependence
eg. villages -> food -> cities -> feed elite/gods -> protection, market, special goods -> village
2. city-state= city+farmland; fought for land/water or shared resources; also traded
3. used human resources= new farmlands, maintained irrigation
4. 2 centers of power= temple, king palace
5. 3rd mil. BCE= secular leadership
6. powerful city-states took over other CS (3rd dyanasty of Ur, 2112-2004 BCE)
7. "Old Babylonian" state= Amorite-founded (Hammurabi)
8. trade= important for survival (bartering)
MESOPOTAMIA
Mucho Spanisho
(Mesopotamian Society)
1. divided society= kings/priests controlled wealth; 3 classes= landowners, farmers/artists, slaves (mostly POW)
2. development of farming= status of women decline; women= own property, control dowry, trade (no politics); urban middle class= men are better (2nd mil. BCE)
MESOPOTAMIA
Great Priscila Talks
(Gods, Priests, and Temples)
1. religion= amalgram of Sumerian/Semetic beliefs/gods; each city had 'god'
2. priests= "servants of the gods"; temples= walled bunch of religious buildings, most seen is ziggurat
3. amulets and magic= popular belief
MESOPOTAMIA
Terrific Sandwich
(Technology and Science)
1. technology= specialized knowledge used to transform nature and human society; irrigation systems, religion
2. writing= cuneiform; evolved from symbols representing parts/words; needed scribes to write
3. cuneiform= first for Sumerian, later for Akkadian+ non-/Semetic; used for economics, politics, legal, literary, religion, science
4. other tech.= transportation (boats, barges, use of donkey), weapons, metallurgy, brickmaking, engineering, pottery (potter's wheel)
5. mility tech.= full-time soldiers, horses, chariots, bow+arrow, siege machinery
- 60-second minute, adv. math+astronomy
EGYPT
Lol, Extremely Geeky Nerd
(The Land of Egypt: "Gift of the Nile")
1. desert, narrow strip of land on both sides, Nile R. area; "Red Land"= desert, "Black Land"= cities
2. divided in 2= lower Egypt (south Nile to 1st catarct), upper Egypt (north delta); climate= good, little to no rainfall (depended on river irrgation)
3. Nile= floods regularly, leaves silt for farming
4. natural resources= reeds (papyrus), wild animals, birds+fish, building stone/clay, copper+turquoise from desert, gold from Nubia
MESOPOTAMIA
Great Priscila Talks
(Gods, Priests, and Temples)
1. religion= amalgram of Sumerian/Semetic beliefs/gods; each city had 'god'
2. priests= "servants of the gods"; temples= walled bunch of religious buildings, most seen is ziggurat
3. amulets and magic= popular belief
MESOPOTAMIA
Terrific Sandwich
(Technology and Science)
1. technology= specialized knowledge used to transform nature and human society; irrigation systems, religion
2. writing= cuneiform; evolved from symbols representing parts/words; needed scribes to write
3. cuneiform= first for Sumerian, later for Akkadian+ non-/Semetic; used for economics, politics, legal, literary, religion, science
4. other tech.= transportation (boats, barges, use of donkey), weapons, metallurgy, brickmaking, engineering, pottery (potter's wheel)
5. mility tech.= full-time soldiers, horses, chariots, bow+arrow, siege machinery
- 60-second minute, adv. math+astronomy
EGYPT
Lol, Extremely Geeky Nerd
(The Land of Egypt: "Gift of the Nile")
1. desert, narrow strip of land on both sides, Nile R. area; "Red Land"= desert, "Black Land"= cities
2. divided in 2= lower Egypt (south Nile to 1st catarct), upper Egypt (north delta); climate= good, little to no rainfall (depended on river irrgation)
3. Nile= floods regularly, leaves silt for farming
4. natural resources= reeds (papyrus), wild animals, birds+fish, building stone/clay, copper+turquoise from desert, gold from Nubia