Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ANABOLISM
PROCESS OF BUILDING UP COMPLEX MATERIALS (PROTIENS) FROM SIMPLE MATERIALS
CATABOLISM
PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN COMPLEX MATERIALS(FOODS) TO FORM SIMPLER SUBSTANCES AND RELEASE ENERGY.
CELL MEMBRANE
STRUCTURE SURROUNDING AND PROTECTING THE CELL. IT DETERMINES WHAT ENTERS AND LEAVES THE CELL.
CHROMOSOMES
ROD-SHAPED STRUCTURES IN THE NUCLEUS THAT CONTAINS REGIONS OF DNA CALLED GENES. THERE ARE 46 CHROMOSOMES(23) PAIRS IN EVERY CELL EXCEPT FOR THE EGG AND SPERM CELLS, WHICH CONTAIN ONLY 23 INDIVIDUAL UNPAIRED CHROMOSOMES.
CYTOPLASM
ALL THE MATERIAL THAT IS OUTSIDE THE NUCLEUS AND YET CONTAINED WITHIN THE CELL MEMBRANE.
DNA
CHEMICAL FOUND WITHIN EACH CHROMOSOME. ARRANGED LIKE A SEQUENCE OF RECIPES IN CODE, IT DIRECTS THE ACTIVITIES OF THE CELL.
ENDOPLASMIC

RETICULUM
STRUCTURE(CANALS) WITHIN THE CYTOPLASM. SITE IN WHICH LARGE PROTIENS ARE MADE FROM SMALLER PROTIEN PIECES.
RIBOSOMES ARE FOUND ON THE ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
GENES
REGIONS OF DNA WITHIN EACH CHROMOSOME.
KARYOTYPE
PICTURE OF CHROMOSOMES IN THE NUCLEUS OF A CELL. THE CHROMOSOMES ARE ARRANGED IN NUMERICAL ORDER TO DETERMINE THEIR NUMBER AND STRUCTURE.
METABOLISM
THE TOTAL OF THE CHEMICAL PROCESSES IN A CELL. IT INCLUDES BOTH CATABOLISM AND ANABOLISM.
MITOCHONDRIA
STRUCTURES IN THE CYTOPLASM IN WHICH FOODS ARE BURNED TO RELEASE ENERGY.
NUCLEUS
CONTROL CENTER OF THE CELL. IT CONTAINS CHROMOSOMES AND DIRECTS THE ACTIVITIES OF THE CELL.
DIGESTIVE
MOUTH, PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, INTESTINES (SMALL AND LARGE), LIVER, GALLBLADDER AND PANCREAS.
URINARY OR EXCRETORY
KIDNEYS, URETERS ( TUBES FROM KIDNEYS TO THE URINARY BLADDER), URINARY BLADDER, URETHRA (TUBE FROM BLADDER TO THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY)
RESPIRATORY
NOSE, PHARYNX, LARYNX, TRACHEA, BRONCHIAL TUBES, AND LUNGS ( WHERE THE EXCHANGE OF GASES TAKES PLACE)
REPRODUCTIVE
FEMALE:OVARIES, FALLOPIAN TUBES, UTERUS (WOMB), VAGINA, MAMMARY GLANDS.
MALE:TESTES AND ASSOCIATED TUBES, URETHRA, PENIS,AND PROSTATE GLAND
ENDOCRINE
THYROID GLAND, PITUITARY GLAND, SEX GLANDS, ADRENAL GLANDS, PANCREAS, AND PARATHYROID GLANDS.
NERVOUS
BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, NERVES AND COLLECTION OF NERVES
CIRCULATORY
HEART, BLOOD VESSELS, LYMPHATIC VESSELS AND NODES, SPLEEN AND THYMUS GLAND
MUSCULOSKELETAL
MUSCLES, BONES, AND JOINTS
SKIN AND SENCE ORGANS
SKIN, HAIR, NAILS, SEWAT GLANDS, AND SEBACEOUS(OIL) GLANDS; EYE, EAR, NOSE, AND TONGUE
ADIPOSE TISSUE
COLLECTION OF FAT CELLS
CARTILAGE
FLEXIBLE CONNECTIVE TISSUE ATTACHED TO BONES AT JOINTS. FOR EXAPMPLE, IT SURROUNDS THE TRACHEA AND FORMS PART OF THE EXTERNAL EAR AND NOSE
EPITHELIAL CELL
SKIN CELLS THAT COVER THE EXTERNAL BODY SURFACE AND LINE THE INTERNAL SURFACES OF ORGANS
HISTOLOGIST
SPECIALIST IN THE STUDY OF TISSUES
LARYNX
VOICE BOX; LOCATED AT THE UPPER PART OF THE TRACHEA
PHARYNX
THROAT. THE PHARYNX IS THE COMMON PASSAGEWAY FOR FOOD AND AIR
PITUITARY GLAND
ENDOCRINE GLAND AT THE BASE OF THE BRAIN
THYROID GLAND
ENDOCRINE GLAND THAT SURROUNDS THE TRACHEA IN THE NECK
TRACHEA
WINDEPIPE
URETER
ONE OF TWO TUBES, EACH LEADING FROM A SINGLE KIDNEY TO THE URINARY BLADDER
URETHRA
TUBE LEADING FROM THE URINARY BLADDER TO THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY
UTERUS
THE WOMB. THE ORGAN THAT HOLDS THE EMBRYO AND FETUS AS IT DEVELOPS
VISCERA
INTERNAL ORGANS